Relationships between glutenin alleles and the genetic structure in a core set of Spanish durum wheat landraces

Pascual Bañuls, Laura and Giraldo Carbajo, Patricia and López Fernández, Matilde and Fité Sánchez, Mª del Rosario and Benavente Barzana, M. Elena and Vazquez Muñiz, Jose Francisco and Ruiz Valcarcel, María Magdalena (2019). Relationships between glutenin alleles and the genetic structure in a core set of Spanish durum wheat landraces. In: "II Spanish Symposium on Physiology and Breeding of Cereals. Book of Abstracts", 06/03/3019-07/03/2019, Córdoba, España. p. 1.

Description

Title: Relationships between glutenin alleles and the genetic structure in a core set of Spanish durum wheat landraces
Author/s:
  • Pascual Bañuls, Laura
  • Giraldo Carbajo, Patricia
  • López Fernández, Matilde
  • Fité Sánchez, Mª del Rosario
  • Benavente Barzana, M. Elena
  • Vazquez Muñiz, Jose Francisco
  • Ruiz Valcarcel, María Magdalena
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Poster)
Event Title: II Spanish Symposium on Physiology and Breeding of Cereals. Book of Abstracts
Event Dates: 06/03/3019-07/03/2019
Event Location: Córdoba, España
Title of Book: II Spanish Symposium on Physiology and Breeding of Cereals. Book of Abstracts
Date: March 2019
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Genetic variability is the cornerstone of any breeding program. Wheat landraces locally adapted to specific environments provide new alleles that could widen the genetic base of modern wheat cultivars. In durum wheat, pasta quality is determined by the composition of the endosperm storage proteins, glutenins and gliadins. Profiling of these prolamins will facilitate the identification of landraces with favorable quality alleles that might be used in breeding programs.In this work, we have characterized the glutenin alleles in the Spanish durum wheat core collection created from the 591 accessions conserved at CRF-INIA. Moreover, we have extended this analysis to include an extra set of 97 landraces and 23 reference varieties when analyzing the high molecular weight (HMW) glutenins. Regarding to low molecular weight (LMW) glutenins, we have detected the presence of the Glu-B3 u allele, related with enhanced quality, in more than the 25% of the landraces analyzed. Furthermore we have identified new alleles not previously described in other materials. In HMW glutenins, the presence of subunit encoded by the Glu-A1 locus has been linked with enhanced quality. For this locus, almost all subspecies dicoccon and turgidum, plus a third of subspecies durum accessions presented subunit, while all reference varieties presented the Null allele. When we tried to link the variability observed in the glutenins with the genetic diversity of the collections, we failed to identify any clear link with LMW glutenins. However, for HMW glutenins a clear relation between subspecies and alleles frequency was detected. Moreover, accessions with the same alleles were grouped in a Principal Coordinates Analysis based on genetic data. The identification of landraces harboring good quality glutenin alleles coupled with the description of these landraces genetic relations will facilitate the employment of this material in breeding programs.

More information

Item ID: 63303
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/63303/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:63303
Official URL: http://sefimec.csic.es
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 Sep 2020 13:18
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 17:13
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