Spanish durum wheat landraces present wide diferences with modern varieties at genomic level

Pascual Bañuls, Laura and Giraldo Carbajo, Patricia and López Fernández, Matilde and Pérez Peña, H. and Fité Sánchez, Mª del Rosario and Benavente Barzana, M. Elena and Vazquez Muñiz, Jose Francisco and Ruiz Valcarcel, María Magdalena (2019). Spanish durum wheat landraces present wide diferences with modern varieties at genomic level. In: "1st International Wheat Congress", 22/07/2019-26/07/2019, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. p. 1.

Description

Title: Spanish durum wheat landraces present wide diferences with modern varieties at genomic level
Author/s:
  • Pascual Bañuls, Laura
  • Giraldo Carbajo, Patricia
  • López Fernández, Matilde
  • Pérez Peña, H.
  • Fité Sánchez, Mª del Rosario
  • Benavente Barzana, M. Elena
  • Vazquez Muñiz, Jose Francisco
  • Ruiz Valcarcel, María Magdalena
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Other)
Event Title: 1st International Wheat Congress
Event Dates: 22/07/2019-26/07/2019
Event Location: Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
Title of Book: 1st International Wheat Congress
Date: July 2019
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

One of the main goals for the XXI century breeding is the development of cultivars that can maintain current yields under unfavorable conditions. Wheat landraces that have been grown under diverse and extreme local conditions include variability that will be necessary to achieve this objective; however, their efficient use requires an exhaustive characterization. Spanish durum wheat landraces conserved at National Plant Genetic Resources Center (CRF-INIA) and maintained in the national collection, were collectedin the first half of the 20th century. Previous studies have shown the great variability of these materials when compared to other germplasm collections, however, the high throughput genomic characterization of this material has not been fully addressed.In the present study, we have characterized at genomic level a set of durum wheat accessions (Triticum turgidum, 2n= 4X= 28, AABB) including 191 Spanish landraces selected from the 591 accessions conserved at CRF-INIA and 23 cultivars. DArTseq GBS approachhas allowed us to identify 10K SNPs and 40K DArT high-quality markers that were mapped against the currently available bread wheat reference genome. The markers with known location were distributed in all the chromosomes, having a relatively well-balancedgenome-wide coverage. The genetic analysis showed that Spanish durum wheat landraces are clustered in different groups, thus representing genetic pools capable to provide different allelic variation. The subspecies had a major impact on the population structure, identifying three different clusters that corresponded to subsps. durum, turgidum and dicoccon. The results showed a wider genetic diversity in landraces when compared to modern varieties, and a clear divergence between landraces and the reference set. Some genomic regions with patterns of variation that differ between landraces and reference varieties could be detected, suggesting the presence of loci selected during crop improvement that could help to target breeding efforts. Finally, to fully exploit the potential of durum wheat Spanish landraces, the collection is being phenotyped for a wide set of traits in order to conduct GWAS analysis.

More information

Item ID: 63309
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/63309/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:63309
Official URL: https://2019iwc.ca
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 Sep 2020 18:20
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2020 11:45
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