Scots pine plantations growth adaptation to climate warming in locations at the southernmost distribution limit of the species

Rubio Cuadrado, Álvaro and Camarero, J.J. and Gómez, Cristina and Cañellas, Isabel and Aulló Maestro, Isabel Consuelo and Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso and Montes Pita, Fernando (2020). Scots pine plantations growth adaptation to climate warming in locations at the southernmost distribution limit of the species. "Dendrochronologia", v. 63 ; p. 125745. ISSN 1125-7865. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2020.125745.

Description

Title: Scots pine plantations growth adaptation to climate warming in locations at the southernmost distribution limit of the species
Author/s:
  • Rubio Cuadrado, Álvaro
  • Camarero, J.J.
  • Gómez, Cristina
  • Cañellas, Isabel
  • Aulló Maestro, Isabel Consuelo
  • Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso
  • Montes Pita, Fernando
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Dendrochronologia
Date: October 2020
ISSN: 1125-7865
Volume: 63
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: dendroecology, drought stress, plantations, Pinus sylvestris, SPEI
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Montes, Forestal y del Medio Natural (UPM)
Department: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
UPM's Research Group: Sistemas Naturales e Historia Forestal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - Share

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Abstract

Under the current climate change conjuncture, understanding the forest plantations capacity of acclimation to warming and increased drought stress is crucial for forest managers. To get some understanding of their adaptability, plantations of similar provenance but located in climatically contrasting sites can be compared. Here we study the growth dynamics and their relationship with climate and drought in two Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) plantations located in the center (Sierra de Guadarrama, wetter site) and south (Sierra Nevada, drier site) of Spain, the latter situated at the southernmost distribution limit of the species. Our objectives are to quantify the trends in radial growth of these plantations, to quantify the influence of climate on growth, and to project the plantations growth as a function of forecasted climate. Results reveal that the plantations from the drier site show lower, and less responsive to climate, growth and greater resilience than those from the wetter site. Furthermore, if the current climate-growth relationships continue in the future, these plantations would maintain the current limited growth rate during the 21st century. On the contrary, plantations from the wetter site show higher growth rate and more resistance to drought, and they are projected to increase growth under the warmer conditions forecasted for the 21st century. Our study shows that plantations in drier sites may have a great capacity to acclimate to local climate conditions and would not be negatively impacted by the projected climate warming.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of Spain979S/2013UnspecifiedFernando Montes PitaPasado, presente y futuro de los bosques de montaña: seguimiento y modelización de los efectos del cambio climático y la gestión sobre la dinámica forestal
Madrid Regional GovernmentP2013/MAE-2760BOSSANOVALuis Gil SánchezBosques sanos y variados: gestión sostenible en sistemas forestales de la Comunidad de Madrid en el contexto del cambio global
Government of SpainAGL2016-76769-C2-1-RFORESTCHANGE FFernando Montes PitaInfluencia del régimen de perturbaciones y la gestión en el balance de carbono, estructura y dinámica de las masas forestales

More information

Item ID: 63466
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/63466/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:63466
DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2020.125745
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2020.125745
Deposited by: Álvaro Rubio Cuadrado
Deposited on: 24 Aug 2020 07:54
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 07:54
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