Adherence Factors Related to Exercise Prescriptions in Healthcare Settings: A Review of the Scientific Literature

Calonge Pascual, Sergio and Casajús Mallén, José Antonio and González Gross, Marcela (2019). Adherence Factors Related to Exercise Prescriptions in Healthcare Settings: A Review of the Scientific Literature. "Research Quarterly For Exercise And Sport" ; pp. 1-11. ISSN 0270-1367. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2020.1788699.

Description

Title: Adherence Factors Related to Exercise Prescriptions in Healthcare Settings: A Review of the Scientific Literature
Author/s:
  • Calonge Pascual, Sergio
  • Casajús Mallén, José Antonio
  • González Gross, Marcela
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Research Quarterly For Exercise And Sport
Date: September 2019
ISSN: 0270-1367
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Compliance; exercise; persistence; physical activity
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Purpose: Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is being introduced in healthcare systems around the world. To apply a successful treatment is as important as to know if the patient is able to follow-up. In order to contribute to the development of effective PAP strategies, we have analyzed PAP-related adherence factors with a multi-dimensional approach. Methods PAP adherence factors in studies published in the WoS, Pubmed, and PsycInfo were reviewed, according to the WHO five dimensions adherence model. In a setting of prediction or adherence analysis of adults with high-risk factors or chronic diseases, the methods used to measure physical activity (PA), PAP treatments, PAP adherence, and mentioned theories related to human behavior change were analyzed. Results A total of 32 studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria. According to the WHO five dimensions adherence model, these total clustered adherence variables were observed: social/economic (n = 100), healthcare system/healthcare team (n = 18), condition-related (n = 61), therapy-related (n = 20), and patient-related (n = 47). PAP adherence has mainly been measured by adherence to measurement methods and by calculating attended versus total sessions scheduled. PA level was measured mainly by questionnaires and exercise referrals were the most frequent PAP resource in analyzed studies. Transtheoretical model of behavior change was the theory most referenced. Conclusion A lack of considering health system/healthcare-team factors and therapy-related factors has been identified, as most studies only analyze social/economic factors in non-pharmacological PAP adherence studies in healthcare settings. A multidimensional approach should be adopted to analyze PAP adherence in healthcare settings.

More information

Item ID: 63979
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/63979/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:63979
DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2020.1788699
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02701367.2020.1788699
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 03 Nov 2020 11:25
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2020 11:25
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