In vitro fermentation of diets including agroindustrial by-products in batch cultures of ruminal microorganisms from goats = Fermentation in vitro de régimes comprenant des sous-produits agroindustriels dans des cultures de microorganismes du rumen de chèvres

Romero Huelva, Manuel and Carro Travieso, Maria Dolores and Molina Alcaide, Eduarda (2019). In vitro fermentation of diets including agroindustrial by-products in batch cultures of ruminal microorganisms from goats = Fermentation in vitro de régimes comprenant des sous-produits agroindustriels dans des cultures de microorganismes du rumen de chèvres. "Options Mediterranéennes, Serie A" (n. 123); pp. 111-116. ISSN 1016-121X.

Description

Title: In vitro fermentation of diets including agroindustrial by-products in batch cultures of ruminal microorganisms from goats = Fermentation in vitro de régimes comprenant des sous-produits agroindustriels dans des cultures de microorganismes du rumen de chèvres
Author/s:
  • Romero Huelva, Manuel
  • Carro Travieso, Maria Dolores
  • Molina Alcaide, Eduarda
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Options Mediterranéennes, Serie A
Date: 2019
ISSN: 1016-121X
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Batch Cultures; Concentrate; By-products; Methane Production; Ruminal Fermentation = Cultures de Micororganismes Ruminales; Concentré; Sous-produits; Production de Méthane; Fermentation Ruminale
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Producción Agraria
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

In the last years, there has been an increasing interest in the use of alternative feeds, such as agroindustrial by-products, in ruminants feeding. The aim of the present work was to study the effects of including variable amounts of different by-products (tomato fruits, citrus pulp, brewer ́s grains and brewer ́s yeast), previously processed and dried, in the concentrate of dairy goats on in vitroruminal fermentation. Six concentrates were formulated and mixed with alfalfa hay in 1:1 proportion before being fermented in vitro using batch cultures of mixed rumen microorganisms from goats. The kinetics of gas production was evaluated in 72-h incubations and the fermentation variables were determined after 24 h incubation. Gas production data were adjusted to the exponential model y = A [1 – e (-c•t)]. There were no differences among diets either on pH (P = 0.091) or molar proportions (P = 0.613 to 0.999) of individual volatile fatty acids (VFA), but total VFA production was greater (P < 0.005) and the amount of CH4was lower (P < 0.001) in five of the diets including by-products compared with the control diet. The inclusion of by-products resulted in greater values of gas production and gas production rate (P < 0.004 and 0.001, respectively) in four of the diets. The results of this study indicate that by-products from tomato and citrus juice and beer industry could be included in ruminant’s diets, promoting better ruminal fermentation pattern and reducing the environmental impact of animal production. The potential of agro-industrial by-products to substitute conventional ingredients in small ruminant diets should be further investigated.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of Spain315/14RECUPERAUnspecifiedDiseño y desarrollo de un prototipo de un sistema de alimentación de bloques multinutrientres a base de subproductos agroindustriales para su uso en la dieta de rumiantes
Government of SpainAGL2016-75322-C2-1-RSUBPOVICAPMª Dolores Carro TraviesoUso de subproductos agroindustriales en las dietas de pequeños rumiantes: valoración nutritiva, utilización digestiva, rendimientos productivos y calidad de los productos

More information

Item ID: 63982
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/63982/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:63982
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 06 Nov 2020 09:52
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2020 09:52
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