Water use efficiency of corn among the irrigation districts across the Duero river basin (Spain): Estimation of local crop coefficients by satellite images

Segovia Cardozo, Daniel Alberto and Rodríguez Sinobas, Leonor and Zubelzu Mínguez, Sergio (2019). Water use efficiency of corn among the irrigation districts across the Duero river basin (Spain): Estimation of local crop coefficients by satellite images. "Agricultural Water Management", v. 212 ; pp. 241-251. ISSN 0378-3774. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2018.08.042.

Description

Title: Water use efficiency of corn among the irrigation districts across the Duero river basin (Spain): Estimation of local crop coefficients by satellite images
Author/s:
  • Segovia Cardozo, Daniel Alberto
  • Rodríguez Sinobas, Leonor
  • Zubelzu Mínguez, Sergio
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Agricultural Water Management
Date: February 2019
ISSN: 0378-3774
Volume: 212
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Water use efficiency; Crop water requirements; Crop coefficient; Irrigation requirements; Remote sensing; Satellite images
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Agroforestal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Irrigation in the Duero river basin accounts for 75% of total water resources. Nevertheless, irrigation in this area is paramount to maintain agricultural production. Within this context, this paper is aimed at assessing the water use efficiency (WUE), for the major crop (corn), among four irrigation districts (IDs) from 2014 to 2017. Since the WUE indicators base upon crop water requirements, these were calculated by estimating the reference evapotranspiration and the local crop coefficients Kc. First, they were estimated by satellite images and then, compared with the recommendation from the Regional Irrigation Advisory Service. Finally, the gross irrigation requirements were compared with the irrigation supply. WUE indicators varied among IDs depending upon the hydrologic year, the water available for irrigation (superficial and subsurface water), and the corn sowing date. Usually, the IDs performed deficit irrigation in the dry years, and either full irrigation or over irrigation in the wet years. The rainfall only fulfilled less than 10% of corn requirements. Small differences in Kc were observed within municipalities (in each ID) and/or among IDs. The pattern of the Kc fitted curves varied among IDs and was affected by sowing dates. Although, the local Kc values were close to the general coefficients recommended by the Irrigation Advisory Service, they affected the determination of gross irrigation requirements which were significant different among IDs. Moreover, it was observed that the FAO recommendation for the duration of the corn growth stages fitted better the estimated Kc than the one from the Advisory Center. The gross irrigation requirements were similar among IDs and years, varying between 6476 and 7646 m3/ha. The local Kc estimation could help irrigation managers to adapt the irrigation supply to the actual corn needs.

More information

Item ID: 64091
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64091/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64091
DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2018.08.042
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2018.08.042
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Oct 2020 08:41
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2020 08:41
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