A Single Question of Parent-Reported Physical Activity Levels Estimates Objectively Measured Physical Fitness and Body Composition in Preschool Children: The PREFIT Project

Palou, Pere and Muntaner Mas, Adrià and Cantallops, Jaume and Antoni Borràs, Pere and Labayen, Idoia and Jiménez Pavón, David and Dorado García, Cecilia and Moliner Urdiales, Diego and Rodríguez Pérez, Manuel A. and Cadenas-sanchez, Cristina and Ortega, Francisco B. and Rojo Tirado, Miguel Angel and Vidal Conti, Josep (2019). A Single Question of Parent-Reported Physical Activity Levels Estimates Objectively Measured Physical Fitness and Body Composition in Preschool Children: The PREFIT Project. "Frontiers in Psychology", v. 10 ; ISSN 1664-1078. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01585.

Description

Title: A Single Question of Parent-Reported Physical Activity Levels Estimates Objectively Measured Physical Fitness and Body Composition in Preschool Children: The PREFIT Project
Author/s:
  • Palou, Pere
  • Muntaner Mas, Adrià
  • Cantallops, Jaume
  • Antoni Borràs, Pere
  • Labayen, Idoia
  • Jiménez Pavón, David
  • Dorado García, Cecilia
  • Moliner Urdiales, Diego
  • Rodríguez Pérez, Manuel A.
  • Cadenas-sanchez, Cristina
  • Ortega, Francisco B.
  • Rojo Tirado, Miguel Angel
  • Vidal Conti, Josep
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Frontiers in Psychology
Date: July 2019
ISSN: 1664-1078
Volume: 10
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: physical fitness; motor activity; body composition; fatness; physical activity; preschool children
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Physical inactivity is recognized as a determinant of low physical fitness and body composition in preschool children, which in turn, are important markers of health through the lifespan. Objective methods to assess physical activity, physical fitness and body composition in preschool children are preferable; however, they have some practical limitations in the school context. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test whether a single question regarding physical activity level of preschool children, reported by their parents, could be used as an alternative screening tool of physical fitness and body composition. The information was obtained from 10 different cities throughout Spain, gathering a total of 3179 healthy preschool children (52.8% boys and 47.2% girls) aged 3–5 years. Physical activity levels of preschool children were reported by parents using a single question with five response options (very low, low, average, high, or very high). Physical fitness and body composition were assessed with the PREFIT fitness battery. The results showed that parents’ perception of their children’s physical activity was positively associated with all objectively measured physical fitness components (βrange = -0.094 to 0.113; all p < 0.020); and negatively with body composition indicators as measured (βrange = -0.113 to -0.058; all p < 0.001). The results showed significant differences in all physical fitness and body composition z-scores across the parent-reported physical activity levels (all p < 0.017 and all p < 0.001, respectively), as well as, for the fitness index (p < 0.001). Our study suggests that in school settings with insufficient resources to objectively assess fitness and body composition, parents-reported physical activity level by means of a single question might provide useful information about these important health markers in preschool children.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainDEP2016-79512-RUnspecifiedUnspecifiedEjercicio en la prevención y tratamiento de la obesidad y resistencia a la insulina: análisis inteligentes-intervenciones inteligentes
Horizon 2020667302CoCAJOHANN WOLFGANG GOETHE-UNIVERSITATFRANKFURT AM MAINComorbid Conditions of Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder
Government of SpainDEP2016-78377-RUnspecifiedUnspecifiedEfectos de un programa de intervención multidisciplinar en el riesgo de diabetes de niños y niñas pre-adolescentes con sobrepeso
Government of SpainDEP2005-00046/ACTIUnspecifiedUnspecifiedRed de Investigación en ejercicio físico y salud para poblaciones especiales
Government of SpainRYC-2014-16938UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainDEP2016-76123-RRETOSUnspecifiedEfecto del ejercicio FÍsico supervisado a nivel Cerebral, COgnitivo y Metabolómico en personas mayores con deterioro cognitivo leve

More information

Item ID: 64121
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64121/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64121
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01585
Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01585/full
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 10 Nov 2020 12:11
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 12:11
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