Higher socioeconomic status is related to healthier levels of fatness and fitness already at 3 to 5 years of age: The PREFIT project : Relation between socioeconomic status, fatness and fitness in preschoolers

Merino de Haro, Ignacio and Mora González, José and Cadenas Sánchez, Cristina and Borras, Pere A. and Benito Peinado, Pedro José and Chiva Bartoll, Óscar and Torrijos Nino, Coral and Samaniego Sánchez, Cristina and Javier Quesada Granados, José and Sánchez Delgado, Alejandro and Dorado García, Cecilia and García Martínez, Jose M. and Vicente Rodríguez, Germán and Labayen, Idoia and Ortega, Francisco B. (2019). Higher socioeconomic status is related to healthier levels of fatness and fitness already at 3 to 5 years of age: The PREFIT project : Relation between socioeconomic status, fatness and fitness in preschoolers. "Journal of Sports Sciences", v. 37 (n. 12); pp. 1327-1337. ISSN 0264-0414. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1558509.

Description

Title: Higher socioeconomic status is related to healthier levels of fatness and fitness already at 3 to 5 years of age: The PREFIT project : Relation between socioeconomic status, fatness and fitness in preschoolers
Author/s:
  • Merino de Haro, Ignacio
  • Mora González, José
  • Cadenas Sánchez, Cristina
  • Borras, Pere A.
  • Benito Peinado, Pedro José
  • Chiva Bartoll, Óscar
  • Torrijos Nino, Coral
  • Samaniego Sánchez, Cristina
  • Javier Quesada Granados, José
  • Sánchez Delgado, Alejandro
  • Dorado García, Cecilia
  • García Martínez, Jose M.
  • Vicente Rodríguez, Germán
  • Labayen, Idoia
  • Ortega, Francisco B.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Sports Sciences
Date: 2019
ISSN: 0264-0414
Volume: 37
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Body composition; physical fitness; preschoolers; socioeconomic factors
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyse the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and fatness and fitness in preschoolers. 2,638 preschoolers (3–5 years old; 47.2% girls) participated. SES was estimated from the parental educational and occupational levels, and the marital status. Fatness was assessed by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Physical fitness components were assessed using the PREFIT battery. Preschoolers whose parents had higher educational levels had lower fatness (P < 0.05). BMI significantly differed across occupational levels of each parent (P < 0.05) and WHtR across paternal levels (P = 0.004). Musculoskeletal fitness was different across any SES factor (P < 0.05), except handgrip across paternal occupational levels (P ≥ 0.05). Preschoolers with high paternal occupation had higher speed/agility (P = 0.005), and those with high or low maternal education had higher VO2max (P = 0.046). Odds of being obese and having low musculoskeletal fitness was lower as SES was higher (P < 0.05). Those with married parents had higher cardiorespiratory fitness than single-parent ones (P = 0.010). School-based interventions should be aware of that children with low SES are at a higher risk of obesity and low fitness already in the first years of life.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainRYC-2011-09011UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainFPU 14/06837UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainBES-2014-068829UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainDEP2005-00046/ACTIEXERNETUnspecifiedRed de Investigación en ejercicio físico y salud para poblaciones especiales

More information

Item ID: 64126
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64126/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64126
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1558509
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2018.1558509
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 27 Oct 2020 11:52
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 11:52
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