Fluctuation of iron carrying capacity in an elite female triathlete while maintaining sporting performance

García Bataller, Alberto and Maffulli, Nicola and Neyro, José L. and Padulo, Johnny and Santisteban Martínez, Juan M. and Bragazzi, Nicola L. and Calderon Montero, Francisco Javier (2019). Fluctuation of iron carrying capacity in an elite female triathlete while maintaining sporting performance. "Gazzeta Medica Italiana Archivo per le Scienze Mediche", v. 178 (n. 7-8); pp. 563-568. ISSN 0393-3660. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03888-3.

Description

Title: Fluctuation of iron carrying capacity in an elite female triathlete while maintaining sporting performance
Author/s:
  • García Bataller, Alberto
  • Maffulli, Nicola
  • Neyro, José L.
  • Padulo, Johnny
  • Santisteban Martínez, Juan M.
  • Bragazzi, Nicola L.
  • Calderon Montero, Francisco Javier
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Gazzeta Medica Italiana Archivo per le Scienze Mediche
Date: 2019
ISSN: 0393-3660
Volume: 178
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Female; Athletes; Ferritins
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Deportes
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The prevalence of iron deficiency in adolescent female athletes is above 52% and is more frequent in endurance sports. Therefore, it is essential to monitor the training process in endurance athletes in order to follow their adaptation to the training load and avoid iron deficiency and, even, anemia. This article presents a clinical case study, which analyzes hematological parameters (namely, hemoglobin, hematocrit, number of erythrocytes and reticulocytes, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean cellular reticulocytes and the fluorescence of the reticulocytes) and iron parameters (including ferritin, transferin and haptoglobin) in an elite female triathlete (7th in the Athens Olympic Games, among other relevant sport results) during 9 consecutive seasons (from 2004 to 2012). Training load was measured in each complete training session using “training impulse” (TRIMP). In order to avoid anemia and maintain competitive level, 100 to 220 mg of FeSO4 were administered daily during her whole sports career. The triathlete did not develop anemia in any of the 9 seasons, although mean hemoglobin concentration (13.08 g/dl) was only slightly above the limits defined for pseudoanemia (12 g/dl). This case study could help sport managers and coaches in properly managing triathlon athletes.

More information

Item ID: 64154
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64154/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64154
DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03888-3
Official URL: https://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/gazzetta-medica-italiana/article.php?cod=R22Y2019N07A0563
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 10 Nov 2020 12:37
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 12:37
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