Competition overrides climate as trigger of growth decline in a mixed Fagaceae Mediterranean rear-edge forest

Rubio Cuadrado, Álvaro and Camarero, J.J. and Gordaliza, Guillermo G. and Cerioni, Matteo and Montes Pita, Fernando and Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso (2020). Competition overrides climate as trigger of growth decline in a mixed Fagaceae Mediterranean rear-edge forest. "Annals of Forest Science", v. 77 (n. 94); ISSN 1297-966X. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-020-01004-5.

Description

Title: Competition overrides climate as trigger of growth decline in a mixed Fagaceae Mediterranean rear-edge forest
Author/s:
  • Rubio Cuadrado, Álvaro
  • Camarero, J.J.
  • Gordaliza, Guillermo G.
  • Cerioni, Matteo
  • Montes Pita, Fernando
  • Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Annals of Forest Science
Date: 1 October 2020
ISSN: 1297-966X
Volume: 77
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: dendroecology, forest dynamics, competitive advantage, growth trend, succession, rear edge
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Montes, Forestal y del Medio Natural (UPM)
Department: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
UPM's Research Group: Sistemas Naturales e Historia Forestal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - Share

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Abstract

Context: In recent decades, two major factors have influenced tree growth in many forests: climate warming, which is associated with aridification and negative growth trends in many Mediterranean forests, and abandonment of forest management, resulting from forest policy in conjunction with rural depopulation in Europe, often leading to an increase in competition and a decrease in growth. Aims: Here we study growth trends in a mixed forest of Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea and Quercus pyrenaica, where the abandonment of traditional uses in the 1960s has been followed by an increase in tree density. In this forest, both F. sylvatica and Q. petraea reach their south-westernmost limits of distribution. Methods: Using dendrochronological methods and growth modeling, we assess the importance of climate warming on the shifts in competitive growth advantage of these three coexisting tree species and the relative importance of climate and competition on growth trends. Results and conclusions: Q. petraea and especially F. sylvatica, showed favorable evolution of their competitive capacity, despite the increase in temperatures that has occurred in the area in recent decades. F. sylvatica presented the lowest sensitivity to climate. Under the current climate and forest structure conditions, competition is the most limiting factor on tree growth for the two oak species.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Madrid Regional GovernmentP2013/MAE-2760BOSSANOVALuis GilBosques sanos y variados: gestión sostenible en sistemas forestales de la Comunidad de Madrid en el contexto del cambio global
Government of SpainAGL2016-76769-C2-1-RFORESTCHANGEFernando Montes PitaInfluencia del régimen de perturbaciones y la gestión en el balance de carbono, estructura y dinámica de las masas forestales
Government of SpainCGL2015-69186-C2-1-RFundiverJ. Julio CamareroExplorando si la diversidad funcional y estructural de los bosques confiere resistencia y resiliencia a la sequia: implicaciones para la adaptacion al cambio climatico

More information

Item ID: 64329
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64329/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64329
DOI: 10.1007/s13595-020-01004-5
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13595-020-01004-5
Deposited by: Álvaro Rubio Cuadrado
Deposited on: 05 Oct 2020 08:59
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2020 08:59
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