Impact of High-Speed Rail on Cultural Tourism Development: The Experience of the Spanish Museums and Monuments

Campa Cascales, Juan Luis de la and Pagliara, Francesca and López-Lambas, María Eugenia and Arce Ruiz, Rosa María and Guirao Abad, Begoña (2019). Impact of High-Speed Rail on Cultural Tourism Development: The Experience of the Spanish Museums and Monuments. "Sustainability", v. 11 (n. 20); p. 5845. ISSN 2071-1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205845.

Description

Title: Impact of High-Speed Rail on Cultural Tourism Development: The Experience of the Spanish Museums and Monuments
Author/s:
  • Campa Cascales, Juan Luis de la
  • Pagliara, Francesca
  • López-Lambas, María Eugenia
  • Arce Ruiz, Rosa María
  • Guirao Abad, Begoña
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Sustainability
Date: 21 October 2019
ISSN: 2071-1050
Volume: 11
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Cultural Tourism, High-Speed Rail (HSR), Panel Data, Econometric Model, Museums, Monuments
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Although transport infrastructure is one of the prominent factors that make Spain a major tourist destination, the international literature has revealed that the opening of new High-Speed Rail (HSR) lines is not sufficient by itself in order to increase tourist outputs in the new connected destinations. Nevertheless, the roles played by different characteristics of both travelers and destinations are of interest but they still remain not sufficiently explored. This paper focuses on the role played by HSR in fostering cultural tourism by applying a fixed-effect econometric model to a panel database (1988–2017). The database includes the number of tourists to some of the major Spanish cultural centers. The results show different impacts based on the regions, the characteristics of the museums, and the expected tourists. For destinations with previous cultural attraction, a positive effect is more evident. Moreover, the centrality of the HSR station as an enabling factor as well as the growth of the tourist market to the surrounding municipalities has been detected. Another interesting result is related to the cooperation effect between HSR and air transport, which encourages the arrivals of foreign tourists. These findings should help planners to develop policies that optimize tourist revenues by exploiting the potential of HSR development in the future.

More information

Item ID: 64373
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64373/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64373
DOI: 10.3390/su11205845
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/20/5845
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 06 Oct 2020 14:14
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 14:14
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