Contribution to the Knowledge of Early Geotechnics During the Twentieth Century: Ralph Peck

Lara Galera, Antonio Lorenzo and Galindo Aires, Rubén Ángel and Guillán Llorente, Gonzalo José (2019). Contribution to the Knowledge of Early Geotechnics During the Twentieth Century: Ralph Peck. "History of Geo- and Space Sciences", v. 10 (n. 1); pp. 3-15. ISSN 2190-5029. https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-10-3-2019.

Description

Title: Contribution to the Knowledge of Early Geotechnics During the Twentieth Century: Ralph Peck
Author/s:
  • Lara Galera, Antonio Lorenzo
  • Galindo Aires, Rubén Ángel
  • Guillán Llorente, Gonzalo José
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: History of Geo- and Space Sciences
Date: 11 February 2019
ISSN: 2190-5029
Volume: 10
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Construcción
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Ralph B. Peck (1912-2008), graduate and doctor of philosophy in civil engineering (1934 and 1937 respectively) from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, was one of the major contributors to the development of geotechnics in the twentieth century. Born in Winnipeg (Manitoba) as an American national, he was influenced from childhood by the world of civil engineering through his father, Orwin K. Peck, who was a civil engineer, mainly as a structural engineer in the railway sector. In the absence of job offers as a structural engineer, Ralph Peck arrived at Harvard University in 1938 to attend the soil mechanics courses taught by Arthur Casagrande, which guided Peck's professional career towards geotechnics. In addition to Casagrande, Peck had the opportunity to meet and work with other very important people related to geotechnics: Albert E. Cummings, Laurits Bjerrum, Alec W. Skempton and especially Karl Terzaghi, with whom he established a great friendship, in addition to providing support, professional advice and performing important work, such as the Chicago Subway Works. Peck actively dedicated himself to consulting work, which led him to visit 44 states within the United States and 28 countries on five continents. In addition, he also participated in research work where he was asked and was a committed lecturer at the University of Illinois, where he was a professor for 32 years. The objective of this paper is to analyse, through Peck's biography, his contribution to the field of geotechnics based on his research, teaching and consultancy work, and through the influence of Peck on other important people in the field, such as Karl Terzaghi.

More information

Item ID: 64453
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64453/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64453
DOI: 10.5194/hgss-10-3-2019
Official URL: https://hgss.copernicus.org/articles/10/3/2019/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 13 Oct 2020 15:13
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2020 15:13
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