Comparision of the physical properties of earth construction units: adobe, tapial and champa. The importance of its use in the peruvian highlands

Gamio Felipa, Andrea Lissy and González García, María de las Nieves and Verdú Vázquez, María Amparo (2019). Comparision of the physical properties of earth construction units: adobe, tapial and champa. The importance of its use in the peruvian highlands. In: "4º Congreso Internacional de Innovación Tecnológica en Edificación (CITE 2019)", 6-8 marzo 2019, Madrid, España. ISBN 978-84-1639-788-4. pp. 284-285.

Description

Title: Comparision of the physical properties of earth construction units: adobe, tapial and champa. The importance of its use in the peruvian highlands
Author/s:
  • Gamio Felipa, Andrea Lissy
  • González García, María de las Nieves
  • Verdú Vázquez, María Amparo
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Other)
Event Title: 4º Congreso Internacional de Innovación Tecnológica en Edificación (CITE 2019)
Event Dates: 6-8 marzo 2019
Event Location: Madrid, España
Title of Book: Libro de actas = Abstracts book
Date: 2019
ISBN: 978-84-1639-788-4
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Construction in earth, Adobe, Ernacular and ch’ampas
Faculty: E.T.S. de Edificación (UPM)
Department: Construcciones Arquitectónicas y su Control
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Between 30% to 40% of constructions in Peru are on earth, in this percentage must include the archaeological monuments. Among the areas with highest percentage of building systems on earth is in the Peruvian Highlands. This is because knowledge inherited from generation to generation, location and socioeconomic level. This document is intended to compare 3 construction units: adobe, rammed earth, and champa, which are commonly used in areas of higher altitude. Adobe, is a block composed of sand or earth, water, clay and straw, forming a mixture that is poured into molds. The tapial, has the same mixture that is adobe, but the process block, in the area of construction by pouring the mixture into a drawer. The champa, therefore, is a fully extracted soil material, does not have any additive or additional material. These materials are based on vernacular of the Peru building systems, which are cultural heritage. It can be concluded that the three construction units are quite favorable for thermal resistance values. But in this specific case, it champa it has pretty impressive data, gets 0, 25W/m· K thermal conductivity as a material with high thermal resistance of 4.0 K·m/W. It is for this reason that, this document aims to demonstrate that although construction of ground units possess physical characteristics optimal, and thus is shown, because in the Peruvian highlands is not more used construction unit the champa.

More information

Item ID: 64720
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/64720/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64720
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 13 Nov 2020 11:05
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2020 11:05
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