Differential response of oak and beech to late frost damage: an integrated analysis from organ to forest

Rubio Cuadrado, Álvaro and Gómez, Cristina and Rodríguez Calcerrada, Jesús and Perea García-Calvo, Ramón and Gordaliz, Guillermo G. and Camarero, J.J. and Montes Pita, Fernando and Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso (2021). Differential response of oak and beech to late frost damage: an integrated analysis from organ to forest. "Agricultural And Forest Meteorology", v. 297 (n. 108243); ISSN 0168-1923. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108243.

Description

Title: Differential response of oak and beech to late frost damage: an integrated analysis from organ to forest
Author/s:
  • Rubio Cuadrado, Álvaro
  • Gómez, Cristina
  • Rodríguez Calcerrada, Jesús
  • Perea García-Calvo, Ramón
  • Gordaliz, Guillermo G.
  • Camarero, J.J.
  • Montes Pita, Fernando
  • Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Agricultural And Forest Meteorology
Date: 2021
ISSN: 0168-1923
Volume: 297
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: climate extremes, freezing damage, forest dynamics, vegetation index, MODIS, Landsat
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Montes, Forestal y del Medio Natural (UPM)
Department: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
UPM's Research Group: Sistemas Naturales e Historia Forestal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - Share

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Abstract

Intense spring freezing events can kill the recently produced cohort of leaves, forcing trees to expend additional carbon and nutrient stocks to produce a second cohort of leaves. The future trends in the frequency of late spring frosts will affect the adaptation of some tree species to their current habitats. Here we studied the effect of a late frost which occurred in 2017 on a mixed beech (Fagus sylvatica)-oak (Quercus petraea) forest located in central Spain, where these species reach their southernmost distribution limits. We followed a multi-scale approach from organ to forest levels. At the organ level, leaf and stem morphological and biochemical traits were compared between frost-damaged and non-damaged trees. At the tree level, we compared the 2017 radial growth between damaged and non-damaged trees. At the stand level, the 2017 Leaf Area Index (LAI) and daily variations of NDVI during 2017 were compared with those of average years in areas dominated by beech and oak. Finally, at the forest scale, daily NDVI dynamics during 2017 were compared with those of the three previous years. According to our results, beech trees damaged by late frost kept non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentrations stable by drastically reducing wood production. This growth reduction could compensate for the drop in carbon inputs due to the death of the first leaf cohort, the need to form a second leaf cohort, the one-month delay between both leaf flushes and the smaller photosynthetic surface of the second leaf cohort. In contrast, although the frost-damaged oaks lost the first cohort of leaves and formed a second one, no differences in leaf individual area and phenology, nor stem NSC concentrations and radial growth were found when comparing damaged and non-damaged oaks. The differential response between both tree species seems to provide oak with a competitive advantage over beech.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Madrid Regional GovernmentP2013/MAE-2760BOSSANOVALuis GilBosques sanos y variados: gestión sostenible en sistemas forestales de la Comunidad de Madrid en el contexto del cambio global
Government of SpainAGL2016-76769-C2-1-RFORESTCHANGEFernando Montes PitaInfluencia del régimen de perturbaciones y la gestión en el balance de carbono, estructura y dinámica de las masas forestales
Government of SpainFPU15/03533UnspecifiedÁlvaro Rubio CuadradoUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 65893
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/65893/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:65893
DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108243
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108243
Deposited by: Álvaro Rubio Cuadrado
Deposited on: 20 Jan 2021 11:52
Last Modified: 26 May 2021 05:28
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