Health risk for older adults in Madrid, by outdoor thermal and acoustic comfort

Baquero Larriva, María Teresa and Higueras García, Ester (2020). Health risk for older adults in Madrid, by outdoor thermal and acoustic comfort. "Urban Climate", v. 34 ; ISSN 2212-0955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100724.

Description

Title: Health risk for older adults in Madrid, by outdoor thermal and acoustic comfort
Author/s:
  • Baquero Larriva, María Teresa
  • Higueras García, Ester
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Urban Climate
Date: December 2020
ISSN: 2212-0955
Volume: 34
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Health risk; Outdoor thermal comfort; Acoustic comfort; Older adults; Urban public space; Environmental perception
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Cities must adapt to aging populations and mitigate the effects of climate change and urbanization on health. This study analyses the outdoor thermal and acoustic comfort of older adults in public spaces in Madrid. We compared the subjective perception with real environmental conditions measured in-situ and two thermal comfort indices Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) and Universal Thermal Index (UTCI). Additionally, use and stay of older people in those public spaces was assessed. Results showed that older adults represent 26.35% of the users, environmental variables such as mean radiant temperature, air temperature, and noise levels are the most relevant variables for them to decide to stay in these places. Although most of the 413 interviewees perceived the environment as comfortable, this research shows that in dense urban areas there is a significant health risk due to noise pollution and extreme temperatures. Average noise levels measured exceed the maximum threshold recommended by the World Health Organization and according to PET and UTCI indices around 73% of the interviewees would be in risk of thermal stress in winter and 98.2% in summer. The need for further research to find strategies to mitigate the environmental risks of older people in public spaces is evident.

More information

Item ID: 66104
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/66104/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:66104
DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100724
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2212095520303515#:~:text=Older%20people%20may%20be%20at,high%20noise%20levels%20in%20cities.&text=There%20is%20a%20lack%20of,older%20adults'%20u
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Apr 2021 09:34
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2021 09:34
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