Urban form and bus riderships in Spanish cities

Cascajo Jiménez, Rocío and Farber, Steven and Jordá Lope, Pablo and Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés and Paez, Antonio (2010). Urban form and bus riderships in Spanish cities. In: "12th World Conference on Transport Research 2010", 11/07/2010 - 15/07/2010, Lisboa, Portugal.

Description

Title: Urban form and bus riderships in Spanish cities
Author/s:
  • Cascajo Jiménez, Rocío
  • Farber, Steven
  • Jordá Lope, Pablo
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
  • Paez, Antonio
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 12th World Conference on Transport Research 2010
Event Dates: 11/07/2010 - 15/07/2010
Event Location: Lisboa, Portugal
Title of Book: Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Transport Research 2010
Date: 2010
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Public transport; Spain; urban form; density; autocorrelation models
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The effect of urban form on mobility is a question with important implications for transportation and land use research and planning. A number of studies have investigated the relationship between mobility and various indicators of urban form while controlling for socio-economic characteristics. A majority of these have been concerned with mobility by private vehicles, although more recently there are also examples of research that explores the relationship between urban form and the use of public transportation. The objective of this paper is to investigate the demand for public transportation in a selection of cities in Spain, from the perspective of urban form (density, metropolitan area, population ratios), and other variables describing the characteristics of public transport supply (density of network and of stops), urban socio-economic profile, and competing and complementary modes (metro, suburban train and auto ownership rates). The paper is based on aggregate bus usage data collected for a number of Spanish cities and metropolitan areas for the years 2003-2007, and the use of autocorrelation models to account for intra-class correlations for multi-year observations of metro areas/cities. The results of the analysis indicate that demand for public transport in Spain is related to the size and population density of the urban area, the supply of bus routes, and the existence of a metro rail alternative. The results also indicate the existence of substantial autocorrelation effects.

More information

Item ID: 7393
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/7393/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:7393
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 09 Jun 2011 17:55
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 16:31
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