López Lambas, Maria Eugenia and López García de Leániz, Cristina
The Spanish territorial context: an analysis in light of the European urban sustainable mobility plans..
In: "12th World Conference on Transport Research 2010", 11/07/2010 - 15/07/2010, Lisboa, Portugal.
The current land use patterns (low-density, sprawl, etc.) and their impacts on transport and mobility force to the implementation of Urban Sustainable Mobility Plans (USMP) as a strategy to achieve urban sustainable mobility. Those plans already existing in some European countries have been recently implemented in Spain; however, since the core of those strategies lays on the territorial and administrative structure of each country, this is the main aspect that the authors have examined, together with the impact of different policy documents from the European Commission (Action Plan on Urban Mobility, Urban Environment Strategy, etc.) So, in this paper the authors have analyzed the territorial and administrative contexts from countries that could be considered as pioneers in the adoption of USMP, and the role that both mobility and transport issues play on them (if so) and, hence, into the barriers and constraints to implement those plans. Given their similar government structure Italy and Spain are the cases finally selected to make a comparison. To do so, the legal competencies on land use and mobility of the different levels of authorities, have been analyzed showing, in the Spanish case at least, the lack of integration of the USMP in the land use planning, with a remarkable exception: the Law on mobility of the Catalonian regional government. The Italian case, being different since the integration is well defined in the legal realm, fails into practice due in part to the many sectoral planning regulations. As main conclusions, the authors outline the most significant barriers for the implementation of USMP, the need of a compulsory framework to develop integrated land use/transport strategies, the problems that the so called subsidiarity principle entails since this process should be leaded by the highest institutional levels (European Union and National Governments), and some feasible actions that could be taken from the different administrative levels to overcome these constraints.