Diagnostics of lead plasmas produced by laser ablation

Alonso Medina, Aurelia (2010). Diagnostics of lead plasmas produced by laser ablation. In: "6th International Conference on Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, LIBS 2010", 13/09/2010 - 17/09/2010, Memphis, USA.

Description

Title: Diagnostics of lead plasmas produced by laser ablation
Author/s:
  • Alonso Medina, Aurelia
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Poster)
Event Title: 6th International Conference on Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, LIBS 2010
Event Dates: 13/09/2010 - 17/09/2010
Event Location: Memphis, USA
Title of Book: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, LIBS 2010
Date: 2010
Subjects:
Faculty: E.U.I.T. Industrial (UPM)
Department: Física Aplicada [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The Q-switched Nd:YAG laser operating at its fundamental wavelength (10640 Å), generating pulses of 290 mJ, 7 ns of duration and repeat frequency of 20 Hz, has been used for the ablation of lead targets in vacuum and in ( 6 Torr, 12 Torr and 24 Torr) argon atmosphere. The laser irradiance on the blank was 2x1010 Wcm-2, the diameter of the standard crater was 0.5 mm. In order to study the interaction for lead targets, the characteristics of the plasmas produced-laser were examined in detail with the use of time-resolved technique (200 to 6 000 ns, delay from the laser pulse). The spectrum is observed by using a monochromator with a time resolved optical multichannel analyzer (OMA III), that allowed the detection of each spectrum and its digital recording for later numerical analysis. Spectral lines of Pb I, Pb II, Pb III can be observed and the corresponding most intense transitions of the Ar II. Temperatures and electron number densities were determined from the different plasmas generated and in different conditions. Electron number densities are deduced from the Stark broadening of the line profiles for several lines of Pb I, Pb II and Pb III [1-3]. Electron temperatures of the plasmas were determined from the Boltzmann plot and the Saha-Boltzmann equation. For each spectrum the electron number density, excitation temperature and ionization temperature are calculated for each delay time; we found that the values of the electron density are decreasing from 1017 to 1015 cm-3. The corresponding temperatures were between 25000 to 6000K. A graphical representation of the evolution of temperature and electron number density versus 200 to 6 000 ns delay from the laser pulse is presented. The existence of the local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) for each the plasma has been discussed. Also, has been obtained quantitative information on the abundance of the species present in each the plasma.

More information

Item ID: 7541
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/7541/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:7541
Official URL: http://www.icet.msstate.edu/libs2010/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 07 Jul 2011 11:39
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 16:39
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