Medina, A. and Negueruela, C. and Mollinedo, L. and Gandia, F. and Barrientos Cruz, Antonio and Rossi, Claudio and Sanz Muñoz, David and Puiatti, Alessandro and Dufour, Jean Francois
Wireless sensor web for rover planetary exploration.
In: "10th International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space (i-SAIRAS)", 29/08/2010 - 01/09/2010, Sapporo, Japon.
Together with the “traditional“ approach, during the last years a new concept of planetary surface exploration has been introduced and investigated by the space community, including the European Space Agency (ESA). The concept consists in deploying a number of sensors communicating among themselves in a wireless networked architecture (WSN). These sensors, altogether, constitute a distributed instrument with the potential of broadening the capabilities of making science on and around a planetary body. When compared to big and monolithic planetary probes, with payloads able to obtain high-quality local measurements (e.g. by imaging or sampling), wireless sensor networks allow mapping larger planetary surfaces and/or volumes over a large time span. This concept is particularly suitable to retrieve localised simple measurements such as pressure, temperature, humidity or gas type, which could support the major interests of space exploration: 1) determine if life ever arose on a certain celestial body, 2) characterise the geology and topology of the body surface, 3) characterise its climate, and 4) prepare for human exploration. In line with this trend ESA initiated the RF-WIPE project (RF Wireless for Planetary Exploration), with GMV leading a consortium completed by SUPSI (University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland) and UPM (Technical University of Madrid)