Confined axisymmetric laminar jets with large expansion ratios

Revuelta Bayod, Antonio and Sánchez Pérez, Antonio Luis and Liñán Martínez, Amable (2002). Confined axisymmetric laminar jets with large expansion ratios. "Journal of Fluid Mechanics", v. 456 ; pp. 319-352. ISSN 0022-1120.


Title: Confined axisymmetric laminar jets with large expansion ratios
  • Revuelta Bayod, Antonio
  • Sánchez Pérez, Antonio Luis
  • Liñán Martínez, Amable
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Date: 2002
Volume: 456
Freetext Keywords: boundary layers; jets; laminar flow; Navier Stokes equations; pipe flow; stratified flow; vortices; confined axisymmetric laminar jets; large expansion ratios; steady round laminar jet; coaxial duct; jet Reynolds number; downstream flow; flow field; slender unconfined jet; constant momentum flux; jet entrainment; slow backflow motion; momentum exchange; toroidal vortex; nonslender transition zone; recirculating flow; boundary layer approximation; nonslender flows
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Motopropulsión y Termofluidodinámica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (954kB) | Preview


This paper investigates the steady round laminar jet discharging into a coaxial duct when the jet Reynolds number, Re/sub j/, is large and the ratio of the jet radius to the duct radius, epsiv, is small. The analysis considers the distinguished double limit in which the Reynolds number Re/sub a/=Re/sub j/epsiv for the final downstream flow is of order unity, when four different regions can be identified in the flow field. Near the entrance, the outer confinement exerts a negligible influence on the incoming jet, which develops as a slender unconfined jet with constant momentum flux. The jet entrains outer fluid, inducing a slow backflow motion of the surrounding fluid near the backstep. Further downstream, the jet grows to fill the duct, exchanging momentum with the surrounding recirculating flow in a slender region where the Reynolds number is still of the order of Re/sub j/. The streamsurface bounding the toroidal vortex eventually intersects the outer wall, in a non-slender transition zone to the final downstream region of parallel streamlines. In the region of jet development, and also in the main region of recirculating flow, the boundary-layer approximation can be used to describe the flow, while the full Navier-Stokes equations are needed to describe the outer region surrounding the jet and the final transition region, with Re/sub a/=Re/sub j/epsiv entering as the relevant parameter to characterize the resulting non-slender flows.

More information

Item ID: 861
DC Identifier:
OAI Identifier:
Deposited by: Archivo Digital UPM
Deposited on: 16 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 06:34
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Recolecta
  • e-ciencia
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM