History of Geology up to 1780

Puche Riart, Octavio (2005). History of Geology up to 1780. In: "Encyclopedia of Geology". Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp. 167-172. ISBN 978-0-12-369396-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-369396-9/00367-1.

Description

Title: History of Geology up to 1780
Author/s:
  • Puche Riart, Octavio
Item Type: Book Section
Title of Book: Encyclopedia of Geology
Date: 2005
ISBN: 978-0-12-369396-9
Volume: 3
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Minas (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Ancient civilisations in contact with nature inquired about their origins and about particular geodynamic phenomena. In most cases they satisfied themselves with empiric explanations; they even used deities in order to understand inexplicable situations. Little by little humans learnt how to observe their environment and arrange processes. During the Renaissance the first geologic principIes were born and this knowledge spread rapidly. Natural phenomena were understood in terms of dynamic cause-effect, although many dogmatic and magic interpretations persisted. Many authors agree that geology, began to be structured as a science in the second half of the eighteenth century with Abraham Gottlob Werner (17491817), father of Neptunism (Figure 1). However, sorne geologic paradigms such as diluvialism existed before neptunism; all of them contained countless mistakes and ambiguities. This article outlines the period up until 1780, which thus incorporates the work of James Hutton (see Famous Geologists: Hutton). His ideas were important in the development of geology, more specifically relating to the origins and dating of rocks. Geology was not completely defined till the birth of Stratigraphy at the end of the eighteenth century and Palaeontology at around 1830.

More information

Item ID: 9843
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/9843/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:9843
DOI: 10.1016/B0-12-369396-9/00367-1
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/referenceworks/9780123693969
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Minas y Energía
Deposited on: 15 Dec 2011 12:29
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 18:08
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