The Analysis of Masonry Architecture: A Historical Approach

Huerta Fernández, Santiago (2008). The Analysis of Masonry Architecture: A Historical Approach. "Architectural Science Review", v. 51 (n. 4); pp. 297-328. ISSN 0003-8628.


Title: The Analysis of Masonry Architecture: A Historical Approach
  • Huerta Fernández, Santiago
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Architectural Science Review
Date: December 2008
ISSN: 0003-8628
Volume: 51
Freetext Keywords: Arcos, bóvedas, cúpulas, análisis límite, hisrtoria, teoría de estructuras, gótico, historia de la arquitectura, materiales de construcción, eqilibrio, estabilidad, geometría Arches, Architectural heritage, Architectural history, Building materials, Domes, Elastic analysis, Finite element method, Graphical equilibrium analysis, History, Limit analysis, Masonry architecture, Masonry structures, Safety, Stability, Statics, Structural behaviour, Theory of structures, Vaults
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Estructuras de Edificación [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Traditional unreinforced masonry architecture has disappeared from new building activity in the western world. Nevertheless, the architectural heritage of masonry must be preserved, and this involves structural analysis. The classical theory of structures does not apply well to such heterogeneous structures with unknown boundary conditions. Nevertheless, there exists a theory of masonry structures based in simple assumptions about the material: good compressive strength, almost no tensile strength and a constructive care to avoid sliding failure. The theory was born at the end of the 17th Century, developed during the 18th and was applied in the 19th Century. It was abandoned and eventually forgotten at the beginning of the 20th Century. After half a century, in the 1960s, Heyman incorporated the old theory within the frame of modern limit analysis with its implicit treasure of critical observation and experience. The safe theorem permits using equilibrium equations and simple material statements cited. No affirmation about boundary conditions, impossible to know and essentially changing, is made (other than the usual about strength and small displacements). In the first part of the paper, an outline of the old theory is summarised and discussed. In the second part, the main ideas and concepts of limit analysis of masonry structures are discussed.

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Item ID: 1273
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Deposited by: Profesor S. Huerta
Deposited on: 14 May 2009
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 06:45
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