Soil fragmentation study applying different tillage systems

Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria and Saa Requejo, Antonio and Rodriguez Gonzalez, Jesús and Gómez, Jose Alfonso and Zarco Tejada, Pablo (2011). Soil fragmentation study applying different tillage systems. In: "8th EGU General Assembly, EGU 2011", 08/04/2011 - 08/04/2011, Viena, Austria. p. 13410.


Title: Soil fragmentation study applying different tillage systems
  • Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria
  • Saa Requejo, Antonio
  • Rodriguez Gonzalez, Jesús
  • Gómez, Jose Alfonso
  • Zarco Tejada, Pablo
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Other)
Event Title: 8th EGU General Assembly, EGU 2011
Event Dates: 08/04/2011 - 08/04/2011
Event Location: Viena, Austria
Title of Book: Geophysical Research Abstracts of 8th EGU General Assembly
Date: 2011
Volume: 13
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Matemática Aplicada a la Ingeniería Agronómica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Runoff generation depends on rainfall, infiltration, interception, and surface depressional storage. Surface depressional storage depends on surface microtopography, usually quantified trough soil surface roughness (SSR). SSR is subject to spatial and temporal changes that create a high variability. In an agricultural environment, tillage operations produce abrupt changes in roughness. Subsequent rainfall gradually decreases roughness. Beside it, local variation in soil properties and hydrology cause its SSR to vary spatially at different scales. The methods commonly used to measure it involve collecting point elevations in regular grids using laser profilers or scanners, digital close range stereo-photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanning or LIDAR systems. In this case, a laser-scanning instrument was used to obtain representative digital elevation models (DEMs) at a grid resolution of 7.2x7.2mm that cover an area of 0.9x0.9m. The DEMs were obtained from two study sites with different soils. The first study site was an experimental field on which five conventional tillage methods were applied. The second study site was a large olive orchard with trees planted at 7.5x5.0m and bare soils between rows. Here, three tillage treatments were applied. In this work we have evaluated the spatial variability of SSR at several scales studying differences in height calculated from points separated by incremental distances h were raised to power values q (from 0 to 4 in steps of 0.1). The q = 2 data were studied as a semivariogram model. The logarithm of average differences plotted vs. log h were characterized by their slope, ?(q). Structure functions [?(q) vs. q] were fitted showing that data had nonlinear structure functions typical of multiscale phenomena. Comparisson of the two types of soil in their respective structure functions are shown.

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Item ID: 13426
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Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 23 Oct 2012 10:41
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 12:44
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