The internal structure of hydrogen-air difussion flames

Da Riva de la Cavada, Ignacio (1966). The internal structure of hydrogen-air difussion flames. "Astronautica Acta", v. 12 (n. 4); pp. 284-293. ISSN 0004-6205.


Title: The internal structure of hydrogen-air difussion flames
  • Da Riva de la Cavada, Ignacio
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Astronautica Acta
Date: 1966
ISSN: 0004-6205
Volume: 12
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Vehículos Aeroespaciales [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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The Internal Structure of Hydrogen-Air Diffusion Flames. Tho purpose of this paper is to study finite rate chemistry effects in diffusion controlled hydrogenair flames undor conditions appearing in some cases in a supersonic combustor. Since for large reaction rates the flame is close to chemical equilibrium, the reaction takes place in a very thin region, so thata "singular perturbation "treatment" of the problem seems appropriate. It has been shown previously that, within the inner or reaction zone, convection effects may be neglocted, the temperature is constant across the flame, and tho mass fraction distributions are given by ordinary differential equations, whore tho only independent variable involved is tho coordinate normal to the flame surface. Tho solution of the outer problom, which is a pure mixing problem with the additional condition that fuol and oxidizer do not coexist in any zone, provides t h e following information: tho flame position, rates of fuel consumption, temperature, concentrators of species, fluid velocity outside of tho flame, and the boundary conditions required to solve the "inner problem." The main contribution of this paper consists in the introduction of a fairly complicated chemical kinetic scheme representing hydrogen-oxygen reaction. The nonlinear equations expressing the conservation of chemical species are approximately integrated by means of an integral method. It has boen found that, in the case considered of a near-equilibrium diffusion flame, tho role played by the dissociation-recombination reactions is purely marginal, and that somo of the second order "shuffling" reactions are close to equilibrium. The method shown here may be applied to compute the distanco from the injector corresponding to a given separation from equilibrium, say ten to twenty percent. For the casos whore this length is a small fraction of the combustion zone length, the equilibrium treatment describes properly tho flame behavior.

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Item ID: 13738
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Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Aeronauticos
Deposited on: 19 Oct 2012 10:35
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 13:05
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