Adverse effects of technical fouls in elite basketball performance

Gómez Ruano, Miguel Ángel ORCID:, Avugos, Simcha, Ortega, Enrique and Bar-eli, Michael (2019). Adverse effects of technical fouls in elite basketball performance. "Biology of Sport", v. 36 (n. 2); pp. 155-161. ISSN 0860-021X.


Title: Adverse effects of technical fouls in elite basketball performance
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Biology of Sport
Date: 2019
ISSN: 0860-021X
Volume: 36
Freetext Keywords: Aggression; Basketball; Performance analysis; Game strategy; Fouling
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Ciencias Sociales de la Actividad Física, del Deporte y del Ocio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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This study examined the temporal effects of technical fouls on the performance of the fouling and opposing teams in elite basketball games. A sample of 80 technical fouls was collected from 65 international games. The fouls were charged either to players on court or to the bench players/coaching staff. Performance measures considered were the points scored (during 1, 3, and 5 ball possessions), fouls received, violations, and turnovers during 5 ball possessions before and after a technical foul was called. Data were also obtained on several contextual variables. The results showed that the opposing team scored slightly more points compared to the fouling team during 1 ball possession before and after a foul was charged to the coach/bench personnel (F=5.934; p=0.019; ES=0.11). The results also showed that both types of technical fouls are generally positive for the opposing team (mid-term effects) and for the fouling team only during the short-term performance (points scored after 1 ball possession). Furthermore, significant differences between teams were found when comparing the fouls received, with the opposing team receiving more fouls after both types of technical fouls (F=5.364; p<0.001; ES=0.50 and F=26.350; p<0.001; ES=0.35). However, the gender and contextual variables had no significant effect on any of the performance measures. The results highlight the positive short-term (1 ball possession) and the adverse mid-term (5 ball possessions) strategic effect of technical fouls for the fouling team, and call for coaches and practitioners to design specific training scenarios that involve tactics and strategies to avoid a negative performance immediately after the technical foul.

Funding Projects

Government of Spain
Notational analysis in sport science

More information

Item ID: 64090
DC Identifier:
OAI Identifier:
DOI: 10.5114/biolsport.2019.83505
Official URL:
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 10 Nov 2020 10:08
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 10:08
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