Palm Oil on the Edge

Gesteiro, Eva and Guijarro, Luis and Sánchez Muniz, Francisco J. and Vidal Carou, María del Carmen and Troncoso, Ana and Venanci, Lluis and Jimeno Vinatea, Vicente and Quilez, Joan and Anadón, Arturo and González Gross, Marcela (2019). Palm Oil on the Edge. "Nutrients", v. 11 (n. 9); pp. 2008-2043. ISSN 2072-6643.


Title: Palm Oil on the Edge
  • Gesteiro, Eva
  • Guijarro, Luis
  • Sánchez Muniz, Francisco J.
  • Vidal Carou, María del Carmen
  • Troncoso, Ana
  • Venanci, Lluis
  • Jimeno Vinatea, Vicente
  • Quilez, Joan
  • Anadón, Arturo
  • González Gross, Marcela
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Nutrients
Date: August 2019
ISSN: 2072-6643
Volume: 11
Freetext Keywords: palm oil; sustainability; 3MCPD; palmitic acid; cardiovascular disease; food industry; communication
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Producción Agraria
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Internationally recognized Spanish experts in the food industry, nutrition, toxicology, sustainability, and veterinary science met in Madrid on July 2018 to develop a consensus about palm oil (PO) as a food ingredient. Their aim was to provide a useful, evidence-based point of reference about PO. Scientific evidence about the role of PO in food safety, nutrition and sustainability was analyzed. Main conclusions were: (1) RSPO foundation responded to the environmental impact of palm crops. The Amsterdam Declaration pursues the use of 100% sustainable PO in Europe by 2020. Awareness about choosing sustainable products will help to maintain local economies and environments in the producing countries; (2) evidence shows that a moderate intake of PO within a healthy diet presents no risks for health. No evidence justifies any change fat intake recommendations; (3) food industry is interested in assuring safe, sustainable and high-quality products. The use of certified sustainable PO is increasing; and (4) there is no evidence associating PO consumption and higher cancer risk, incidence or mortality in humans. Tolerable daily intake (TDI) for toxic contaminants (2-and 3-monochloropropanediols (MCPDs), glycidyl esters (GEs)) have been established by JECFA and EFSA. Consequently, the European Commission has modified the Contaminants Regulation for GEs and it is still working on 3-MCPDs’.

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Item ID: 64527
DC Identifier:
OAI Identifier:
DOI: 10.3390/nu11092008
Official URL:
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 13 Oct 2020 10:06
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2020 10:07
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