Identification of polarization cues downstream of POTENT involved in asymmetric cell division of lateral root founder cells

Bustillo Avendaño, Estefano and González García, María de la Paz and Moreno Risueño, Miguel Ángel (2019). Identification of polarization cues downstream of POTENT involved in asymmetric cell division of lateral root founder cells. In: "XXIII Meeting of the Spanish Society of Plant Physiology/XVI Spanish Portuguese Congress of Plant Physiology", 26/06/2019-28/06/2019, Pamplona, España. p. 1.

Description

Title: Identification of polarization cues downstream of POTENT involved in asymmetric cell division of lateral root founder cells
Author/s:
  • Bustillo Avendaño, Estefano
  • González García, María de la Paz
  • Moreno Risueño, Miguel Ángel
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Other)
Event Title: XXIII Meeting of the Spanish Society of Plant Physiology/XVI Spanish Portuguese Congress of Plant Physiology
Event Dates: 26/06/2019-28/06/2019
Event Location: Pamplona, España
Title of Book: Libro de Actas del XXIII Meeting of the Spanish Society of Plant Physiology/XVI Spanish Portuguese Congress of Plant Physiology
Date: June 2019
Subjects:
Faculty: Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas (CBGP) (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Plants show a postembryonic mode of development with most organs being made after embryogenesis. Root system establishment requires formation of lateral roots (LR), being the hormone auxin a key player promoting their formation. LR formation involves positioning of cells competent (prebranch sites) to form LR through oscillatory gene activiy1. Subsequently, cells within prebranch-sites are reprogrammed to become LR founder cells (FC). LR initiation starts with asymmetric cell division (ACD) of FCs to eventually give rise to the different cell lineages that make up the root23. ACD is therefore crucial to LR formation and involves polarization of FCs resulting in nuclear migration. How polarization of FCs is established is unknown. Nuclear migration involves auxin signaling and some downstream factors have been identified3. Auxin signaling involves the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of the AUXIN/INDOLE-3- ACETIC ACID (Aux/IAA) transcriptional co-regulators via proteasome3. We have identified a mutant defective in lateral root formation called potent. Potent mutation prevents degradation of an Aux/IAA factor by auxin resulting in inhibition of auxin signaling. As a consequence, over-specification of prebranch-sites and FCs along the root occur. In addition, FCs in potent divide symmetrically generating daughter cells of similar sizes and incorrect cells fates. Furthermore, these daughter cells remain blocked in development and cannot form LRs. We aim to identify polarization cues downstream of POTENT involved in ACD of FCs. For this purpose, we have generated a potent inducible line -by estradiol- and introgressed the FC marker SKP2B to monitor specification and ACD division. Our results show that potent factor dose correlates with FC specification and number of LRs. Higher assessed doses of estradiol caused all pericycle to become FC and preventing LR formation. Upon auxin treatment, FCs remained blocked in development although symmetric divisions were observed indicating that POTENT must control most polarization cues required for ACD. We have performed protoplasting followed by Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) and isolated FCs in the potent inducible line. We will perform RNA sequencing of these cells to identify polarization cues regulated by POTENT.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainBFU2016-80315-PUnspecifiedUnspecifiedNuevos mecanismos que especifican y regeneran órganos postembrionarios en la raíz de Arabidopsis

More information

Item ID: 64703
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/64703/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:64703
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 22 Apr 2021 08:18
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2021 08:18
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