Requirements for the Construction of New Desalination Plants into a Framework of Sustainability

Berenguel Felices, Francisco and Lara Galera, Antonio Lorenzo and Muñoz Medina, María Belén (2020). Requirements for the Construction of New Desalination Plants into a Framework of Sustainability. "Sustainability", v. 12 (n. 12); p. 5124. ISSN 2071-1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125124.

Description

Title: Requirements for the Construction of New Desalination Plants into a Framework of Sustainability
Author/s:
  • Berenguel Felices, Francisco
  • Lara Galera, Antonio Lorenzo
  • Muñoz Medina, María Belén
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Sustainability
Date: 23 June 2020
ISSN: 2071-1050
Volume: 12
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Sustainable Development, Desalination, Reverse Osmosis, Renewable Energies, Environmental Impacts, Decision Support Systems, Types of Contract
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Construcción
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Population growth has increased in the last two centuries. In the driest countries, water supply alternatives are scarce, and desalination is an alternative to guarantee water supply. The question is what conditions must be met by the new desalination plants to achieve the objectives of sustainability. The present study is an analysis of the social, economic, and environmental variables that are critical in the development of desalination plants: technology used, energy sources, correction of the generated environmental impacts, and the most appropriate contractual model for its development. These attributes justify at the time of writing why reverse osmosis is the safest and most efficient technology among those available and those that are under investigation. It is proposed to incorporate renewable energy production sources, although it is still necessary to continue depending on the significant contribution of the traditional energy sources. The need will also be demonstrated to adopt corrective measures to mitigate against the impact produced on the environment by energy production and to implement monitoring plans to confirm the validity of these corrective measures. Finally, turnkey contracts are proposed because osmosis technology is complex, although technology should be justified by means of a decision support system. One of the determining factors is proposed in this present analysis.

More information

Item ID: 66649
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/66649/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:66649
DOI: 10.3390/su12125124
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/12/5124
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Apr 2021 16:05
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2021 16:05
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