Examining the sustainability and development challenge in agricultural-forest frontiers of the Amazon Basin through the eyes of locals

Blanco Gutiérrez, Irene and Manners, Rhys and Varela-Ortega, Consuelo and Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria and Martorano, Lucieta and Toledo, Marisol (2020). Examining the sustainability and development challenge in agricultural-forest frontiers of the Amazon Basin through the eyes of locals. "Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences", v. 20 (n. 3); pp. 797-813. ISSN 1684-9981. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-797-2020.

Description

Title: Examining the sustainability and development challenge in agricultural-forest frontiers of the Amazon Basin through the eyes of locals
Author/s:
  • Blanco Gutiérrez, Irene
  • Manners, Rhys
  • Varela-Ortega, Consuelo
  • Tarquis Alfonso, Ana Maria
  • Martorano, Lucieta
  • Toledo, Marisol
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Date: 24 March 2020
ISSN: 1684-9981
Volume: 20
Subjects:
Faculty: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios y Medioambientales (CEIGRAM) (UPM)
Department: Economía Agraria, Estadística y Gestión de Empresas
UPM's Research Group: Economía Agraria y de los Recursos Naturales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - Non commercial

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Abstract

The Amazon basin is the world’s largest rainforest and the most biologically diverse place on Earth. Despite the critical importance of this region, Amazon forests continue inexorably to be degraded and deforested for various reasons, mainly a consequence of agricultural expansion. The development of novel policy strategies that provide balanced solutions, associating economic growth with environmental protection, is still challenging, largely because the perspective of those most affected – local stakeholders – is often ignored. Participatory fuzzy cognitive mapping (FCM) was implemented to examine stakeholder perceptions towards the sustainable development of two agricultural-forest frontier areas in the Bolivian and Brazilian Amazon. A series of development scenarios were explored and applied to stakeholder-derived FCM, with climate change also analysed. Stakeholders in both regions perceived landscapes of socio-economic impoverishment and environmental degradation driven by governmental and institutional deficiencies. Under such abject conditions, governance and wellintegrated social and technological strategies offered socioeconomic development, environmental conservation, and resilience to climatic changes. The results suggest there are benefits of a new type of thinking for development strategies in the Amazon basin and that continued application of traditional development policies reduces the resilience of the Amazon to climate change, whilst limiting socio-economic development and environmental conservation.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
FP7283093ROBINConsuelo Varela OrtegaRole Of Biodiversity In climate change MitigatioN

More information

Item ID: 66816
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/66816/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:66816
DOI: 10.5194/nhess-20-797-2020
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-797-2020
Deposited by: Irene Blanco Gutiérrez
Deposited on: 21 Apr 2021 13:22
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 13:33
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