User-Adapted Web Services by Extending the eIDAS Specification with Functional Attributes

Marcos Pascual, Lourdes and Pozo Huertas, Alejandro and Huecas Fernández Toribio, Gabriel and Quemada Vives, Juan and Alonso González, Álvaro (2021). User-Adapted Web Services by Extending the eIDAS Specification with Functional Attributes. "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health", v. 18 (n. 8); pp. 1-20. ISSN 1660-4601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083980.

Description

Title: User-Adapted Web Services by Extending the eIDAS Specification with Functional Attributes
Author/s:
  • Marcos Pascual, Lourdes
  • Pozo Huertas, Alejandro
  • Huecas Fernández Toribio, Gabriel
  • Quemada Vives, Juan
  • Alonso González, Álvaro
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Date: 2021
ISSN: 1660-4601
Volume: 18
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Functional attributes; electronic identification; eIDAS; digital accessibility; identity; e-services
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería de Sistemas Telemáticos
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

To provide web services adapted to the users’ functional capabilities, diversity must be considered from the conceptualization and design phases of the services’ development. In previous work, we proposed a model that allows the provisioning of adapted interfaces based on users’ identity and their functional attributes to facilitate this task to software designers and developers. However, being these identities and attributes self-declared by the users may impact reliability and usability. In this work, we propose an extension of our model to resolve these deficiencies by delegating the identity and attributes provision to external certified entities. The European electronic Identification, Authentication and Trust Services (eIDAS) regulation established a solution to ensure the cross-border mutual recognition of Electronic Identification (eID) mechanisms among the European Member States. This research aims to provide an extension of this regulation mentioned above (eIDAS) to support functional attributes and connect our previously proposed model to this extended eIDAS network. Thanks to this proposal, web services can guarantee adapted and personalized interfaces while improving the functionalities offered without any previous configuration by users and, in a reliable way, since the functional attributes belong to the users’ official eID. As the attributes set provided by eIDAS nodes only contains citizens’ personal and legal ones, we also propose a mechanism to connect the eIDAS network to external attribute providers that could extend the eIDAS profile of users with their functional attributes. We have deployed a pilot to validate the proposed model consisting of an identity provider, an eIDAS node supporting the extended reference code and an attribute provider supporting functional attributes. We have also designed and implemented a simple service that supports eID authentication and serves adapted interfaces based on the retrieved extended eIDAS profile. Finally, we have developed an experience for getting feedback from a set of real users with different functional capabilities. According to the results, we conclude that the generalized adoption of the proposed solution in the European digital web services will significantly improve their accessibility in terms of ease of use and adaptability to users’ capacities.

More information

Item ID: 67154
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/67154/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:67154
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18083980
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/8/3980
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 22 May 2021 07:36
Last Modified: 22 May 2021 07:36
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