Benefits of soil dust cloud generation for the prevention of grapevine diseases

Diaz Riquelme, Teresa and Cabello, Felix and Barreiro Elorza, Pilar and Morante, Andrés and Saavedra, Luis and Gonzalez, Francisco and Nuñez, Jose Anronio and Rabasco, Antonio and Jimenez de la Iglesia, Iván and Jimenez de la Iglesia, Rubén and Anchuelo, Jesús (2021). Benefits of soil dust cloud generation for the prevention of grapevine diseases. In: "EurAgEng2021 Conference", 5-8 de julio 2021, Évora, Portugal.

Description

Title: Benefits of soil dust cloud generation for the prevention of grapevine diseases
Author/s:
  • Diaz Riquelme, Teresa
  • Cabello, Felix
  • Barreiro Elorza, Pilar
  • Morante, Andrés
  • Saavedra, Luis
  • Gonzalez, Francisco
  • Nuñez, Jose Anronio
  • Rabasco, Antonio
  • Jimenez de la Iglesia, Iván
  • Jimenez de la Iglesia, Rubén
  • Anchuelo, Jesús
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Poster)
Event Title: EurAgEng2021 Conference
Event Dates: 5-8 de julio 2021
Event Location: Évora, Portugal
Title of Book: New challenges inf Agricultural Engineering towards a digital world
Date: July 2021
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Organic agriculture, sustainable agriculture
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Agroforestal
UPM's Research Group: Técnicas Avanzadas en Agroalimentación LPF-TAGRALIA
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition

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Abstract

The main objective of the SOLES Project is to validate the dust cloud technique, as an effective phytosanitary treatment for the vine by assessing its practical viability in three types of soils: Inceptisol / Alfisols-Xerept (Haploxerept-Typic and Xeralfs-Dystroxerept- Typic), versus Entisol / Inceptisol-Orthent / Xerepts-Dystroxerept / Xerorthents-TypicDystroxerept / DystricXerorthents. To this end, the technique of generating and depositing a dust cloud of local origin has been analyzed, based on the construction of 3 identical units within the original design provided by Andrés Morate, a local grower which accumulates 50 years of experience since his grandfather viticulturist. With this study, an example of the traditional knowledge that exists in rural areas is valued, and it is intended to strengthen the links between viticulture and wine production with a better integration of environmental respect practices in the production process by trying in addition to improving the competitiveness of grape producers by reducing the cost of applying phytosanitary syntheses. After a data collection campaign gathered in five locations and two treatments for each one, it has been verified that the average dust deposit amounts on average to 6.7um cm-2 under the current conditions of regulation of the machine. The variability of the amount of dust deposited on the vine leaves in each plot, ranges between 6.6 and 39.8%, variability attributable to the type of soil and its humidity at the time of application of the treatment, as well as to the environmental conditions (Tª, HR and breeze) Despite this, it is verified that the variability between treatments in the same plot is 32% of that registered between plots. That is, there is a local factor in the generation and deposition of dust attributable to differences in geological origin and texture.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Madrid Regional GovernmentRDP-CM 2014-2020GO ECOVIÑA MADRIDFelix CabelloBENEFICIOS DE LA GENERACIÓN DE UNA NUBE DE POLVO DEL SUELO PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DE ENFERMEDADES DE LA VID

More information

Item ID: 67673
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/67673/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:67673
Deposited by: Catedrática Pilar Barreiro
Deposited on: 09 Jul 2021 07:45
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2021 07:45
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