Road Safety as a Public Health Problem: Case of Ecuador in the Period 2000–2019

Espinoza Molina, Fabricio and Ojeda Romero, Christian Fernando and Zumba Paucar, Henry David and Pillajo Quijia, Giovanny and Arenas Ramírez, Blanca and Aparicio Izquierdo, Francisco (2021). Road Safety as a Public Health Problem: Case of Ecuador in the Period 2000–2019. "Sustainability", v. 13 (n. 14); pp. 8033-8049. ISSN 2071-1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148033.

Description

Title: Road Safety as a Public Health Problem: Case of Ecuador in the Period 2000–2019
Author/s:
  • Espinoza Molina, Fabricio
  • Ojeda Romero, Christian Fernando
  • Zumba Paucar, Henry David
  • Pillajo Quijia, Giovanny
  • Arenas Ramírez, Blanca
  • Aparicio Izquierdo, Francisco
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Sustainability
Date: July 2021
ISSN: 2071-1050
Volume: 13
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: traffic crashes; fatality; causes of traffic crashes; types of traffic crashes; joinpoint; risk assessment
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Mecánica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Road safety is a significant public health problem because it causes negative consequences on victims and families. The objective was to analyze the most significant changes in traffic crashes in Ecuador during the period from 2000 to 2019. With data obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Census, we performed the analysis to identify: the number of traffic crashes, the number of victims, and other study variables. Methods: Descriptive and analytical statistics and the contrast of proportions were used to analyze data from 2000 to 2019. Results: According to the ideal joinpoint analysis model, there was a significant decrease in the number of recorded traffic accidents from 2015 to 2019 of −8.54 per year, while the tendency to die increased in females (2.05 per year) and males (3.29 per year). The most common crash was a collision, and the automobile appeared as the most involved vehicle from 2015 to 2019. The hypothesis test contrast is used to determine if statistically significant differences exist between age groups by gender of the driver injured in the period 2017–2018. Conclusions: This study determines the most significant changes in the variables related to traffic crashes, where mortality due to this cause in the last four years has had a growth rate of 1.8% compared to collisions that presented a rate of −31.12%. The contrast of the hypothesis test shows significant differences in the injury level between males and female drivers, depending on the age group.

More information

Item ID: 67927
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/67927/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:67927
DOI: 10.3390/su13148033
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/14/8033
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 23 Jul 2021 14:58
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2021 14:58
  • Logo InvestigaM (UPM)
  • Logo GEOUP4
  • Logo Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Logo Sherpa/Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo de Recolecta
  • Logo del Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • Logo de OpenCourseWare UPM