Review of anthropogenic Cr (VI) emissions in Spain and the EU; current situation and possible improvements

Di Giuseppe, Alice (2021). Review of anthropogenic Cr (VI) emissions in Spain and the EU; current situation and possible improvements. Thesis (Master thesis), E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM).

Description

Title: Review of anthropogenic Cr (VI) emissions in Spain and the EU; current situation and possible improvements
Author/s:
  • Di Giuseppe, Alice
Contributor/s:
  • Masaguer Rodríguez, Alberto
Item Type: Thesis (Master thesis)
Masters title: Ingeniería Ambiental
Date: September 2021
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Department: Energía y Combustibles
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

Full text

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer, such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Chromium is a potentially toxic metal whose many properties have made applicable to a wide range of industrial processes. A series of relevant and reliable sources were identified and reviewed to acquire greater understanding of the potential effects of chromium contamination, their implication, and solutions. Concerns with chromium are primarily related to its hexavalent form, which has adverse effects on human health and terrestrial and aquatic environments. This contaminant is emitted mainly through anthropogenic sources due to its industrial applications in the metallurgy, cement, and leather industries, among others. Hexavalent chromium emissions and contamination affect all countries in the EU including Spain and its usage is monitored and legislated, by ECHA and local decrees. Due to its adverse effects, chromium contamination can represent an obstacle to achieving some of the sustainable development goals established by the UN. Industries can adopt preventive measures to reduce chromium emissions but overall further research in alternatives to chromium in its different applications is necessary. A range of in situ remediation strategies were reviewed and while their potential effectiveness was confirmed, further field experience is necessary for some of them. Resumen El cromo es un metal potencialmente tóxico cuyas múltiples propiedades lo hacen aplicable a una amplia gama de procesos industriales. Se identificaron y revisaron una serie de fuentes relevantes y fiables para adquirir una mayor comprensión de los efectos potenciales de la contaminación por cromo, sus implicaciones y soluciones. La preocupación por el cromo está relacionada principalmente con su forma hexavalente, que tiene efectos adversos sobre la salud humana y los entornos terrestres y acuáticos. Este contaminante se emite principalmente a través de fuentes antropogénicas debido a sus aplicaciones industriales en las industrias metalúrgicas, de cemento y de cuero, entre otras. Las emisiones y la contaminación por cromo hexavalente afectan a todos los países de la UE, incluida España, y su uso está vigilado y legislado, tanto por la ECHA como por Decretos Reales. Debido a sus efectos adversos, la contaminación por cromo puede representar un obstáculo para alcanzar algunos de los objetivos de desarrollo sostenible establecidos por la ONU. Las industrias pueden adoptar medidas preventivas para reducir las emisiones de cromo, pero en general es necesario seguir investigando alternativas al cromo en sus diferentes aplicaciones. Se revisaron una serie de estrategias de remediación in situ y, si bien se confirmó su eficacia potencial, se necesita más experiencia de campo para algunas de ellas.

More information

Item ID: 68727
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/68727/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:68727
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Minas y Energía
Deposited on: 06 Oct 2021 13:20
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 23:30
  • Logo InvestigaM (UPM)
  • Logo GEOUP4
  • Logo Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Logo Sherpa/Romeo
    Check whether the anglo-saxon journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo Dulcinea
    Check whether the spanish journal in which you have published an article allows you to also publish it under open access.
  • Logo de Recolecta
  • Logo del Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • Logo de OpenCourseWare UPM