Natural mordenite from Spain as pozzolana

Presa Madrigal, Leticia and Costafreda Mustelier, Jorge Luis and Martin Sánchez, Domingo Alfonso and Díaz Carretero, Isabel (2020). Natural mordenite from Spain as pozzolana. "Molecules", v. 25 (n. 5); p. 1220. ISSN 1420-3049.


Title: Natural mordenite from Spain as pozzolana
  • Presa Madrigal, Leticia
  • Costafreda Mustelier, Jorge Luis
  • Martin Sánchez, Domingo Alfonso
  • Díaz Carretero, Isabel
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Molecules
Date: 5 March 2020
ISSN: 1420-3049
Volume: 25
Freetext Keywords: natural zeolite; mordenite; smectite; bentonite; pozzolanic cements
Faculty: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
Creative Commons Licenses: None

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This work deals with anomalous concentrations of natural mordenite in the southeast of Spain. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies evidenced that the samples contain mainly monomineral zeolitic phase of mordenite (70% to 74%), usually accompanied by smectite (montmorillonite), the principal component of bentonite. A study of the applicability of these zeolites is presented to establish the potential use as pozzolanic cements. For comparative purposes, synthetic commercial mordenite is also characterized and tested. The initial mixtures were prepared using cement and mordenite at a 75:25 ratio. Chemical analysis and a pozzolanicity test showed the high pozzolanic character. These mixtures were further added to sand and water, yielding the cement specimens to be used as concrete. Mechanical test results showed that the mechanical compression at 7 and 28 days fall into the range of 19.23 to 43.05 MegaPascals (MPa) for the cement specimens built with natural mordenites. The obtained results fall in the same range of cement specimens prepared with natural clinoptilolite, using mixtures within the European requirement for commercial concretes. Thus, these results and the low cost of natural mordenite of San José de los Escullos deposit supports the potential use of natural mordenite as pozzolanic cement.

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Item ID: 69425
DC Identifier:
OAI Identifier:
DOI: 10.3390/molecules25051220
Official URL:
Deposited by: Dr. Jorge Luis Costafreda Mustelier
Deposited on: 13 Jan 2022 08:36
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2022 08:36
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