The effect of online supervised exercise throughout pregnancy on the prevention of Gestational Diabetes in healthy pregnant during COVID-19 Pandemic. A randomized clinical trial

Uria Minguito, Ane (2022). The effect of online supervised exercise throughout pregnancy on the prevention of Gestational Diabetes in healthy pregnant during COVID-19 Pandemic. A randomized clinical trial. Thesis (Master thesis), Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM).

Description

Title: The effect of online supervised exercise throughout pregnancy on the prevention of Gestational Diabetes in healthy pregnant during COVID-19 Pandemic. A randomized clinical trial
Author/s:
  • Uria Minguito, Ane
Contributor/s:
  • Barakat Carballo, Ruben
  • Silva José, Cristina
Item Type: Thesis (Master thesis)
Masters title: Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Date: 27 September 2022
Subjects:
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Ciencias Sociales de la Actividad Física, del Deporte y del Ocio
Creative Commons Licenses: None

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Abstract

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) affects globally to 14.2% pregnant women. GDM is associated to short and long-term health consequences and avoiding excessive maternal weight gain is essential. Physical activity has shown to reduce the risk of GDM; however, the prevalence of gestational physical activity remains low and the COVID-19 pandemic has further increased sedentary behaviour among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an online supervised exercise program during pregnancy on the prevention of GDM as well as on maternal and childbirth outcomes. A randomized clinical trial (NCT04563065) was carried out. From a total of 445 pregnant women, 260 women without obstetric contraindications were randomized into two study groups: intervention group (IG, N= 130) or control group (CG, N= 130). An online supervised exercise program was conducted from 8-10 to 38-39 weeks of pregnancy. Results showed a lower number and percentage of GDM cases in the IG compared to the CG (N= 5/4.9% vs N=17/16.8%, p= 0.006). Similarly, less cases of excessive maternal weight gain (N= 12/11.8% vs N= 31/30.7%, p= 0.001) were found in the IG, as well as a lower percentage of instrumental deliveries (N= 8/11.3% vs N=13/15.1%) and c-sections (N= 7/9.9% vs N= 20/23.3%, p= 0.046). An online supervised exercise programme can be a preventative tool for GDM in healthy pregnant women.

More information

Item ID: 71877
DC Identifier: https://oa.upm.es/71877/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:71877
Deposited by: Ms Ane Uria Minguito
Deposited on: 06 Oct 2022 08:43
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 06:11
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