We consider a restricted variant of the prefix-suffix duplication operation, called bounded prefix-suffix duplication. It consists in the iterative duplication of a prefix or suffix, whose length is bounded by a constant, of a given word. We give a sufficient condition for the closure under bounded prefix-suffix duplication of a class of languages. Consequently, the class of regular languages is closed under bounded prefix-suffix duplication; furthermore, we propose an algorithm deciding whether a regular language is a finite k-prefix-suffix duplication language. An efficient algorithm solving the membership problem for the k-prefix-suffix duplication of a language is also presented. Finally, we define the k-prefix-suffix duplication distance between two words, extend it to languages and show how it can be computed for regular languages.