Flying vs. climbing: Factors controlling arboreal seed removal in oak-beech forests

Perea García-Calvo, Ramón; San Miguel Ayanz, Alfonso y Gil Sanchez, Luis (2011). Flying vs. climbing: Factors controlling arboreal seed removal in oak-beech forests. "Forest Ecology and Management", v. 262 (n. 7); pp. 1251-1257. ISSN 0378-1127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2011.06.022.

Descripción

Título: Flying vs. climbing: Factors controlling arboreal seed removal in oak-beech forests
Autor/es:
  • Perea García-Calvo, Ramón
  • San Miguel Ayanz, Alfonso
  • Gil Sanchez, Luis
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Forest Ecology and Management
Fecha: Octubre 2011
Volumen: 262
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Montes (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Silvopascicultura [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Nuts are heavy and nutritious seeds that need animals to be successfully dispersed. Most studies address nut removal by a single animal species once seeds fall onto the ground. However, nuts are also accessible before the seed drop and usually to a wide guild of seed foragers. This study examines the factorscontrollingarborealseedremoval in oak–beechforests within the whole guild of nut foragers. We found that seed-dispersing rodents (Apodemus sylvaticus) were the main acorn removers in the oaks (up to 3.75 m height), with a rapid seed encounter and a high removal rate. However, rodents did not climb the beech trees, probably due to their smoother bark in comparison to oak bark and/or the lower nutritional value of beechnuts with regard to acorns. Jays (Garrulus glandarius) were more abundant in oak stands (both dense and scattered) and clearly preferred acorns to beechnuts whereas nuthatches (Sitta europaea) were more abundant in beech stands and preferred beechnuts to acorns. Non-storing birds such as great tits (Parus major) also removed acorns and beechnuts, especially in the stands where oaks are dominant. Jays and rodents preferred sound seeds over insect-infested seeds but such a preference was not found for nuthatches. This study highlights that pure beech stands showed a reduced guild of arboreal nut foragers in comparison to oak stands. This different guild could probably affect the spatial patterns of seed dispersal, with a proportionally higher number of long dispersal events for acorns (mostly jay-dispersed) than for beechnuts (mostly nuthatch-dispersed). Long-distance dispersal of beechnuts (by jays) is determined by the presence of other preferred species (oaks) and their frequency of non-mast years. Seed location in different habitats strongly determines the contribution of different arboreal removers (including climbing rodents) and their removal speed, leading to a differential seed fate that will eventually affect tree regeneration. As nuthatches are sedentary birds, it is important to maintain old and dead trees where they can breed (crevices), forage (arthropods) and store seeds in order to favor beechnut dispersal and gene flow. By maintaining or favoring oak trees within beech stands we will ensure a wider guild of arboreal nut dispersers.

Más información

ID de Registro: 11666
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/11666/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:11666
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.06.022
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 11 Jul 2012 11:43
Ultima Modificación: 20 Abr 2016 19:41
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