Rodríguez Herva, Jose Juan and Gonzalez-Melendi de Leon, Pablo and Cuartas-Lanza, Raquel and Antúnez-Lamas, María and Río-Álvarez, Isabel and Li, Ziduo and López-Torrejón, Gema and Diaz Rodriguez, Isabel and Pozo, Juan C. del and Chakravarthy, Suma and Collmer, Alan and Rodriguez Palenzuela, Pablo and Lopez Solanilla, Emilia
A bacterial cysteine protease effector protein interferes with photosynthesis to suppress plant innate immune responses.
"Cellular Microbiology", v. 14
The bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000 suppresses plant innate immunity with effector proteins injected by a type III secretion system (T3SS). The cysteine protease effector HopN1, which reduces the ability of DC3000 to elicit programmed cell death in non-host tobacco, was found to also suppress the production of defence-associated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and callose when delivered by Pseudomonas fluorescens heterologously expressing a P. syringae T3SS. Purified His 6 -tagged HopN1 was used to identify tomato PsbQ, a member of the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II (PSII), as an interacting protein. HopN1 localized to chloroplasts and both degraded PsbQ and inhibited PSII activity in chloroplast preparations, whereas a HopN1 D299A non-catalytic mutant lost these abilities. Gene silencing of NtPsbQ in tobacco compromised ROS production and programmed cell death.