Chemical speciation and mobilization of copper and zinc in naturally contaminated mine soils with citric and tartaric acids

Pérez Esteban, Javier and Escolástico, Consuelo and Moliner Aramendia, Ana María and Masaguer Rodríguez, Alberto (2013). Chemical speciation and mobilization of copper and zinc in naturally contaminated mine soils with citric and tartaric acids. "Chemosphere", v. 90 (n. 2); pp. 276-283. ISSN 0045-6535. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.06.065..

Description

Title: Chemical speciation and mobilization of copper and zinc in naturally contaminated mine soils with citric and tartaric acids
Author/s:
  • Pérez Esteban, Javier
  • Escolástico, Consuelo
  • Moliner Aramendia, Ana María
  • Masaguer Rodríguez, Alberto
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Chemosphere
Date: January 2013
ISSN: 0045-6535
Volume: 90
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Edafología [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

A one-step extraction procedure and a leaching column experiment were performed to assess the effects of citric and tartaric acids on Cu and Zn mobilization in naturally contaminated mine soils to facilitate assisted phytoextraction. A speciation modeling of the soil solution and the metal fractionation of soils were performed to elucidate the chemical processes that affected metal desorption by organic acids. Different extracting solutions were prepared, all of which contained 0.01 M KNO3 and different concentrations of organic acids: control without organic acids, 0.5 mM citric, 0.5 mM tartaric, 10 mM citric, 10 mM tartaric, and 5 mM citric +5 mM tartaric. The results of the extraction procedure showed that higher concentrations of organic acids increased metal desorption, and citric acid was more effective at facilitating metal desorption than tartaric acid. Metal desorption was mainly influenced by the decreasing pH and the dissolution of Fe and Mn oxides, not by the formation of soluble metal–organic complexes as was predicted by the speciation modeling. The results of the column study reported that low concentrations of organic acids did not significantly increase metal mobilization and that higher doses were also not able to mobilize Zn. However, 5–10 mM citric acid significantly promoted Cu mobilization (from 1 mg kg−1 in the control to 42 mg kg−1 with 10 mM citric acid) and reduced the exchangeable (from 21 to 3 mg kg−1) and the Fe and Mn oxides (from 443 to 277 mg kg−1) fractions. Citric acid could efficiently facilitate assisted phytoextraction techniques.

More information

Item ID: 15977
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/15977/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:15977
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.06.065.
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653512008879
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 27 Jun 2013 17:12
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2015 23:56
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