Biofouling of crypts of historical and architectural interest at la Plata Cemetery (Argentina)

Guiamet, Patricia Sandra and Rosato, Vilma and Gómez de Saravia, Sandra and García Ruiz, Ana María and Moreno Gómez, Diego Alejandro (2012). Biofouling of crypts of historical and architectural interest at la Plata Cemetery (Argentina). "Journal of Cultural Heritage", v. 13 (n. 3); pp. 339-344. ISSN 1296-2074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2011.11.002.

Description

Title: Biofouling of crypts of historical and architectural interest at la Plata Cemetery (Argentina)
Author/s:
  • Guiamet, Patricia Sandra
  • Rosato, Vilma
  • Gómez de Saravia, Sandra
  • García Ruiz, Ana María
  • Moreno Gómez, Diego Alejandro
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Cultural Heritage
Date: July 2012
ISSN: 1296-2074
Volume: 13
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Cultural heritage; Funerary monument; Crypt; Marble; Cement; Mortar; Biofouling
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería y Ciencia de los Materiales [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Cemeteries are part of the cultural heritage of urban communities, containing funerary crypts and monuments of historical and architectural interest. Efforts aimed at the conservation of these structures must target not only the abiotic stresses that cause their destruction, such as light and humidity, but also biofouling by biotic agents. The purpose of this study was to assess the development of biofouling of several historically and architecturally valuable crypts at La Plata Cemetery (Argentina). Samples obtained from the biofilms, lichens, and fungal colonies that had developed on the marble surfaces and cement mortar of these crypts were analyzed by conventional microbiological techniques and by scanning electron microscopy. The lichens were identified as Caloplaca austrocitrina, Lecanora albescens, Xanthoparmelia farinosa and Xanthoria candelaria, the fungi as Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., Fusarium sp., Candida sp. and Rhodotorula sp., and the bacteria as Bacillus sp. and Pseudomonas sp. The mechanisms by which these microorganisms cause the aesthetic and biochemical deterioration of the crypts are discussed.

More information

Item ID: 16357
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/16357/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:16357
DOI: 10.1016/j.culher.2011.11.002
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1296207411001142
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 19 Jan 2014 08:20
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2016 16:39
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