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Modelling of corrosion-induced cover cracking in reinforced concrete by an embedded cohesive crack finite element
Guzmán, Santiago and Gálvez Ruíz, Jaime and Sancho, José M.
Modelling of corrosion-induced cover cracking in reinforced concrete by an embedded cohesive crack finite element.
"Engineering Fracture Mechanics", v. 93
Corrosion of a reinforcement bar leads to expansive pressure on the surrounding concrete that provokes internal cracking and, eventually, spalling and delamination. Here, an embedded cohesive crack 2D finite element is applied for simulating the cracking process. In addition, four simplified analytical models are introduced for comparative purposes.
Under some assumptions about rust properties, corrosion rate, and particularly, the accommodation of oxide products within the open cracks generated in the process, the proposed FE model is able to estimate time to surface cracking quite accurately. Moreover, emerging cracking patterns are in reasonably good agreement with expectations.
As a practical case, a prototype application of the model to an actual bridge deck is reported.
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