Impacts of fuel consumption taxes on mobility patterns and CO2 emissions using a system dynamic approach

Guzman Garcia, Luis Angel; Hoz Sánchez, Daniel de la; Pfaffenbichler, Paul y Shepherd, Simon (2008). Impacts of fuel consumption taxes on mobility patterns and CO2 emissions using a system dynamic approach. En: "10th International Conference on Application of Advanced Technologies in Transportation", May 2008, Athens. ISBN 978-90-481-3042-9.

Descripción

Título: Impacts of fuel consumption taxes on mobility patterns and CO2 emissions using a system dynamic approach
Autor/es:
  • Guzman Garcia, Luis Angel
  • Hoz Sánchez, Daniel de la
  • Pfaffenbichler, Paul
  • Shepherd, Simon
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: 10th International Conference on Application of Advanced Technologies in Transportation
Fechas del Evento: May 2008
Lugar del Evento: Athens
Título del Libro: Impacts of fuel consumption taxes on mobility patterns and CO2 emissions using a system dynamic approach
Fecha: 8 Mayo 2008
ISBN: 978-90-481-3042-9
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: climate change, fuel tax, systems dynamics, LUTI models
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - No comercial

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Resumen

Current transport behaviour leads to increasing congestion of the infrastructure, growing dependence on fossil fuels, increasing energy demand, and growing CO2 emissions. Policies based principally on increasing system speed and in particular car speeds will lead to greater urban sprawl with increases in average trip lengths. Time saved by speed increases are traded for more distance. This trend is not sustainable in the longer term. Transport policies based just on time savings for citizens may not be the basis for our city planning strategy. The same happens with transport cost. With underpriced transport, the market undervalues land use location, which again may lead city to sprawl and could induce greater trip lengths. In this study, the efficiency of a fuel consumption or CO2 tax policy is analysed as a policy to internalise externalities of transport in a fair travel cost. Based on system dynamics theory, an integrated land use and transport model is proposed in order to assess the effects and impacts of such policy in the short, medium and long term. Different scenarios related to clean vehicles are incorporated. This model is applied to three cities Madrid, Vienna and Leeds and compares their results.

Más información

ID de Registro: 1866
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/1866/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:1866
Depositado por: Sr Luis Angel Guzman
Depositado el: 21 Oct 2009 07:13
Ultima Modificación: 20 Abr 2016 07:03
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