One-step reduced kinetics for lean hydrogen–air deflagration

Fernández Galisteo, Daniel and Sánchez Pérez, Antonio Luis and Liñán Martínez, Amable and Williams, F.A. (2009). One-step reduced kinetics for lean hydrogen–air deflagration. "Combustion and Flame", v. 156 (n. 5); pp. 985-996. ISSN 0010-2180.


Title: One-step reduced kinetics for lean hydrogen–air deflagration
  • Fernández Galisteo, Daniel
  • Sánchez Pérez, Antonio Luis
  • Liñán Martínez, Amable
  • Williams, F.A.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Combustion and Flame
Date: May 2009
Volume: 156
Freetext Keywords: Combustión, Termodinámica
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Motopropulsión y Termofluidodinámica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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A short mechanism consisting of seven elementary reactions, of which only three are reversible, is shown to provide good predictions of hydrogen–air lean-flame burning velocities. This mechanism is further simplified by noting that over a range of conditions of practical interest, near the lean flammability limit all reaction intermediaries have small concentrations in the important thin reaction zone that controls the hydrogen–air laminar burning velocity and therefore follow a steady state approximation, while the main species react according to the global irreversible reaction 2H2 + O2 → 2H2O. An explicit expression for the non-Arrhenius rate of this one-step overall reaction for hydrogen oxidation is derived from the seven-step detailed mechanism, for application near the flammability limit. The one-step results are used to calculate flammability limits and burning velocities of planar deflagrations. Furthermore, implications concerning radical profiles in the deflagration and reasons for the success of the approximations are clarified. It is also demonstrated that adding only two irreversible direct recombination steps to the seven-step mechanism accurately reproduces burning velocities of the full detailed mechanism for all equivalence ratios at normal atmospheric conditions and that an eight-step detailed mechanism, constructed from the seven-step mechanism by adding to it the fourth reversible shuffle reaction, improves predictions of O and OH profiles. The new reduced-chemistry descriptions can be useful for both analytical and computational studies of lean hydrogen–air flames, decreasing required computation times.

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Item ID: 1970
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Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Aeronauticos
Deposited on: 04 Dec 2009 09:06
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 11:46
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