Employment rate impacts of charging the Heavy Good Vehicle corridor (Madrid-Sevilla) across Spanish regions: a Random Utility Based Multiregional Input-Output approach

Guzmán Valderrama, Andrés Felipe and Di Ciommo, Floridea and Vassallo Magro, José Manuel (2012). Employment rate impacts of charging the Heavy Good Vehicle corridor (Madrid-Sevilla) across Spanish regions: a Random Utility Based Multiregional Input-Output approach. In: "CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI", 20/06/2012 - 22/06/2012, Granada (España). p. 13.

Description

Title: Employment rate impacts of charging the Heavy Good Vehicle corridor (Madrid-Sevilla) across Spanish regions: a Random Utility Based Multiregional Input-Output approach
Author/s:
  • Guzmán Valderrama, Andrés Felipe
  • Di Ciommo, Floridea
  • Vassallo Magro, José Manuel
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI
Event Dates: 20/06/2012 - 22/06/2012
Event Location: Granada (España)
Title of Book: CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI
Date: 2012
Subjects:
Faculty: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The implementation of a charging policy for heavy goods vehicles in European Union (EU) member countries has been imposed to reflect costs of construction and maintenance of infrastructure as well as externalities such as congestion, accidents and environmental impact. In this context, EU countries approved the Eurovignette directive (1999/62/EC) and its amending directive (2006 /38/EC) which established a legal framework to regulate the system of tolls. Even if that regulation seek s to increase the efficien cy of freight, it will trigger direct and indirect effects on Spain’s regional economies by increasing transport costs. This paper presents the development of a multiregional Input-Output methodology (MRIO) with elastic trade coefficients to predict in terregional trade, using transport attributes integrated in multinomial logit models. This method is highly useful to carry out an ex-ante evaluation of transport policies because it involves road freight transport cost sensitivity, and determine regional distributive and substitution economic effect s of countries like Spain, characterized by socio-demographic and economic attributes, differentiated region by region. It will thus be possible to determine cost-effective strategies, given different policy scenarios. MRIO mode l would then be used to determine the impact on the employment rate of imposing a charge in the Madrid-Sevilla corridor in Spain. This methodology is important for measuring the impact on the employment rate since it is one of the main macroeconomic indicators of Spain’s regional and national economic situation. A previous research developed (DESTINO) using a MRIO method estimated employment impacts of road pricing policy across Spanish regions considering a fuel tax charge (€/liter) in the entire shortest cost path network for freight transport. Actually, it found that the variation in employment is expected to be substantial for some regions, and negligible for others. For example, in this Spanish case study of regional employment has showed reductions between 16.1% (Rioja) and 1.4% (Madrid region). This variation range seems to be related to either the intensity of freight transport in each region or dependency of regions to transport intensive economic sect ors. In fact, regions with freight transport intensive sectors will lose more jobs while regions with a predominantly service economy undergo a fairly insignificant loss of employment. This paper is focused on evaluating a freight transport vehicle-kilometer charge (€/km) in a non-tolled motorway corridor (A-4) between Madrid-Sevilla (517 Km.). The consequences of the road pricing policy implementation show s that the employment reductions are not as high as the diminution stated in the previous research because this corridor does not affect the whole freight transport system of Spain.

More information

Item ID: 20063
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/20063/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:20063
Official URL: http://www.cit2012.org/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 18 Sep 2013 14:36
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 11:18
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