Employment rate impacts of charging the Heavy Good Vehicle corridor (Madrid-Sevilla) across Spanish regions: a Random Utility Based Multiregional Input-Output approach

Guzmán Valderrama, Andrés Felipe; Di Ciommo, Floridea y Vassallo Magro, José Manuel (2012). Employment rate impacts of charging the Heavy Good Vehicle corridor (Madrid-Sevilla) across Spanish regions: a Random Utility Based Multiregional Input-Output approach. En: "CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI", 20/06/2012 - 22/06/2012, Granada (España). p. 13.

Descripción

Título: Employment rate impacts of charging the Heavy Good Vehicle corridor (Madrid-Sevilla) across Spanish regions: a Random Utility Based Multiregional Input-Output approach
Autor/es:
  • Guzmán Valderrama, Andrés Felipe
  • Di Ciommo, Floridea
  • Vassallo Magro, José Manuel
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI
Fechas del Evento: 20/06/2012 - 22/06/2012
Lugar del Evento: Granada (España)
Título del Libro: CIT2012. Actas del X Congreso de Ingeniería del Transporte: Transporte innovador y sostenible de cara al siglo XXI
Fecha: 2012
Materias:
Escuela: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Departamento: Otro
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The implementation of a charging policy for heavy goods vehicles in European Union (EU) member countries has been imposed to reflect costs of construction and maintenance of infrastructure as well as externalities such as congestion, accidents and environmental impact. In this context, EU countries approved the Eurovignette directive (1999/62/EC) and its amending directive (2006 /38/EC) which established a legal framework to regulate the system of tolls. Even if that regulation seek s to increase the efficien cy of freight, it will trigger direct and indirect effects on Spain’s regional economies by increasing transport costs. This paper presents the development of a multiregional Input-Output methodology (MRIO) with elastic trade coefficients to predict in terregional trade, using transport attributes integrated in multinomial logit models. This method is highly useful to carry out an ex-ante evaluation of transport policies because it involves road freight transport cost sensitivity, and determine regional distributive and substitution economic effect s of countries like Spain, characterized by socio-demographic and economic attributes, differentiated region by region. It will thus be possible to determine cost-effective strategies, given different policy scenarios. MRIO mode l would then be used to determine the impact on the employment rate of imposing a charge in the Madrid-Sevilla corridor in Spain. This methodology is important for measuring the impact on the employment rate since it is one of the main macroeconomic indicators of Spain’s regional and national economic situation. A previous research developed (DESTINO) using a MRIO method estimated employment impacts of road pricing policy across Spanish regions considering a fuel tax charge (€/liter) in the entire shortest cost path network for freight transport. Actually, it found that the variation in employment is expected to be substantial for some regions, and negligible for others. For example, in this Spanish case study of regional employment has showed reductions between 16.1% (Rioja) and 1.4% (Madrid region). This variation range seems to be related to either the intensity of freight transport in each region or dependency of regions to transport intensive economic sect ors. In fact, regions with freight transport intensive sectors will lose more jobs while regions with a predominantly service economy undergo a fairly insignificant loss of employment. This paper is focused on evaluating a freight transport vehicle-kilometer charge (€/km) in a non-tolled motorway corridor (A-4) between Madrid-Sevilla (517 Km.). The consequences of the road pricing policy implementation show s that the employment reductions are not as high as the diminution stated in the previous research because this corridor does not affect the whole freight transport system of Spain.

Más información

ID de Registro: 20063
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/20063/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:20063
URL Oficial: http://www.cit2012.org/
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 18 Sep 2013 14:36
Ultima Modificación: 22 Sep 2014 11:18
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