Management of Urban Mobility to Control Climate Change in Cities

Sobrino Vazquez, Natalia and Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés (2013). Management of Urban Mobility to Control Climate Change in Cities. In: "Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting", 13/01/2013 - 17/01/2013, Washington, D.C., EEUU. pp. 1-12.

Description

Title: Management of Urban Mobility to Control Climate Change in Cities
Author/s:
  • Sobrino Vazquez, Natalia
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: Transportation Research Board 92nd Annual Meeting
Event Dates: 13/01/2013 - 17/01/2013
Event Location: Washington, D.C., EEUU
Title of Book: TRB 92nd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers
Date: 2013
Subjects:
Faculty: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The need of decarbonization of urban mobility is one of the main priorities for all countries to achieve greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets. In general, the transport modes which have experienced the most growth in recent years tend to be the most polluting. Most efforts have been focused on the vehicle efficiency improvements and vehicle fleet renewal; nevertheless more emphasis should be placed on strategies related to the management of urban mobility and modal share. Research of individual travel which analyzes CO2 emissions and car and public transport share in daily mobility will enable better assessments of the potential of urban mobility measures introduced to limit GHG emissions produced by transport in cities. This paper explores the sustainability impacts of daily mobility in Spain using data from two National Travel Surveys (NTSs) (2000 and 2006) and includes a method by which to estimate the CO2 emissions associated with each journey and each surveyed individual. The results demonstrate that in the 2000 to 2006 period, there has been an increase in daily mobility which has led to a 17% increase in CO2 emissions. When separated by transport mode, cars prove to be the main contributor to that increase, followed by public transport. More focus should be directed toward modal shift strategies which not only take the number of journeys into account but also consider distance. The contributions of this paper have potential applications in the assessment of current and future urban transport policies.

More information

Item ID: 20831
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/20831/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:20831
Official URL: http://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=1241006
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Nov 2013 16:42
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 11:21
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