Measuring Regional Cohesion Effects of Large-scale Transport Infrastructure Investments: An Accessibility Approach.

López Suárez, Elena and Gutierrez, Javier and Gomez, Gabriel (2008). Measuring Regional Cohesion Effects of Large-scale Transport Infrastructure Investments: An Accessibility Approach.. "European Planning Studies", v. 16 (n. 2); pp. 277-301. ISSN 0965-4313. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654310701814629.

Description

Title: Measuring Regional Cohesion Effects of Large-scale Transport Infrastructure Investments: An Accessibility Approach.
Author/s:
  • López Suárez, Elena
  • Gutierrez, Javier
  • Gomez, Gabriel
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: European Planning Studies
Date: February 2008
ISSN: 0965-4313
Volume: 16
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: regional cohesion, accessibility indicators, transport infrastructure investments
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transportes [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Cohesion is considered one of the main policy goals both at a EU an national level. However, there is currently a lack of a common approach to measure cohesion effects of large-scale transport infrastructure investments. Accessibility indicators have an unexploited potential in transportation assessment methodologies. Accessibility is considered an added value of locations, which represents one of the elements contributing to a region’s welfare. Therefore, spatial distribution of accessibility may be used as a proxy to assess regional cohesion. This paper suggests an approach consisting in measuring changes in the spatial distribution of four different accessibility indicators, computed and mapped using a GIS support. Cohesion is subsequently measured calculating a set of inequality indices of the resulting accessibility distribution. It is possible then to assess whether disparities in regional accessibility are increased or reduced after the implementation of a new transport infrastructure. This approach is tested assessing regional cohesion effects of road and rail network developments in Spain in the period 1992-2004. Comparing the results obtained with accessibility indicators and inequality indices allows identifying the main critical factors and sources of bias. The conclusion is that for the rode mode, cohesion has improved, while regional disparities have increased for the rail mode.

More information

Item ID: 2176
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/2176/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:2176
DOI: 10.1080/09654310701814629
Official URL: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~db=all~content=g789992859
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 04 Mar 2010 11:18
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 11:56
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