Multi-fluid Eulerian model of an electrospray in a host gas.

Higuera Antón, Francisco (2013). Multi-fluid Eulerian model of an electrospray in a host gas.. "Journal of Fluid Mechanics", v. 734 ; pp. 363-386. ISSN 0022-1120.


Title: Multi-fluid Eulerian model of an electrospray in a host gas.
  • Higuera Antón, Francisco
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Date: October 2013
Volume: 734
Freetext Keywords: drops and bubbles, electrohydrodynamic effects
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM)
Department: Motopropulsión y Termofluidodinámica [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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An Eulerian multifluid model is used to describe the evolution of an electrospray plume and the flow induced in the surrounding gas by the drag of the electrically charged spray droplets in the space between an injection electrode containing the electrospray source and a collector electrode. The spray is driven by the voltage applied between the two electrodes. Numerical computations and order-of-magnitude estimates for a quiescent gas show that the droplets begin to fly back toward the injection electrode at a certain critical value of the flux of droplets in the spray, which depends very much on the electrical conditions at the injection electrode. As the flux is increased toward its critical value, the electric field induced by the charge of the droplets partially balances the field due to the applied voltage in the vicinity of the injection electrode, leading to a spray that rapidly broadens at a distance from its origin of the order of the stopping distance at which the droplets lose their initial momentum and the effect of their inertia becomes negligible. The axial component of the electric field first changes sign in this region, causing the fly back. The flow induced in the gas significantly changes this picture in the conditions of typical experiments. A gas plume is induced by the drag of the droplets whose entrainment makes the radius of the spray away from the injection electrode smaller than in a quiescent gas, and convects the droplets across the region of negative axial electric field that appears around the origin of the spray when the flux of droplets is increased. This suppresses fly back and allows much higher fluxes to be reached than are possible in a quiescent gas. The limit of large droplet-to-gas mass ratio is discussed. Migration of satellite droplets to the shroud of the spray is reproduced by the Eulerian model, but this process is also affected by the motion of the gas. The gas flow preferentially pushes satellite droplets from the shroud to the core of the spray when the effect of the inertia of the droplets becomes negligible, and thus opposes the well-established electrostatic/inertial mechanism of segregation and may end up concentrating satellite droplets in an intermediate radial region of the spray.

Funding Projects

Comunidad de MadridS2009/ENE-1597UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

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Item ID: 26568
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Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 27 Oct 2014 17:24
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2014 17:24
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