A molecular genetic perspective of reproductive development in grapevine

Carmona Quiles, Maria Jose; Chaïb, Jamila; Martínez-Zapater, José y Thomas, Mark R. (2008). A molecular genetic perspective of reproductive development in grapevine. "Journal of Experimental Botany", v. 59 (n. 10); pp. 2579-2596. ISSN 0022-0957. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ern160.

Descripción

Título: A molecular genetic perspective of reproductive development in grapevine
Autor/es:
  • Carmona Quiles, Maria Jose
  • Chaïb, Jamila
  • Martínez-Zapater, José
  • Thomas, Mark R.
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Experimental Botany
Fecha: Julio 2008
Volumen: 59
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Berry, climate, flower, meristem, grapevine, inflorescence, mutant, MADS-box, tendril, Vitis, yield.
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Biotecnologia [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The grapevine reproductive cycle has a number of unique features. Inflorescences develop from lateral meristems (anlagen) in latent buds during spring and summer and enter a dormant state at a very immature stage before completing development and producing flowers and berries the following spring. Lateral meristems are unique structures derived from the shoot apical meristem and can either develop into an inflorescence or a tendril. How the grapevine plant controls these processes at the molecular level is not understood, but some progress has been made by isolating and studying the expression of flowering genes in wild-type and mutant grapevine plants. Interestingly, a number of flowering genes are also expressed during berry development. This paper reviews the current understanding of the genetic control of grapevine flowering and the impact of viticulture management treatments and environmental variables on yield. While the availability of the draft genome sequence of grapevine will greatly assist future molecular genetic studies, a number of issues are identified that need to be addressed—particularly rapid methods for confirming gene function and linking genes to biological processes and traits. Understanding the key interactions between environmental factors and genetic mechanisms controlling the induction and development of inflorescences, flowers, and berries is also an important area that requires increased emphasis, especially given the large seasonal fluctuations in yield experienced by the crop and the increasing concern about the effect of climate change on existing wine-producing regions.

Más información

ID de Registro: 2983
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/2983/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:2983
Identificador DOI: 10.1093/jxb/ern160
URL Oficial: http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/59/10/2579
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 03 May 2010 08:52
Ultima Modificación: 20 Abr 2016 12:35
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