CO2 and Rn degassing from the natural analog of Campo de Calatrava (Spain): Implications for monitoring of CO2 storage sites

Elio Medina, Javier de; Ortega, Marcelo F.; Nisi, Bárbara; Mazadiego Martínez, Luis Felipe; Vaselli, Orlando; Caballero, Juan y Grandía, Fidel (2015). CO2 and Rn degassing from the natural analog of Campo de Calatrava (Spain): Implications for monitoring of CO2 storage sites. "International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control", v. 32 (n. null); pp. 1-14. ISSN 1750-5836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.014.

Descripción

Título: CO2 and Rn degassing from the natural analog of Campo de Calatrava (Spain): Implications for monitoring of CO2 storage sites
Autor/es:
  • Elio Medina, Javier de
  • Ortega, Marcelo F.
  • Nisi, Bárbara
  • Mazadiego Martínez, Luis Felipe
  • Vaselli, Orlando
  • Caballero, Juan
  • Grandía, Fidel
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Fecha: Enero 2015
Volumen: 32
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Natural analogs offer a valuable opportunity to investigate the long-term impacts associated with thepotential leakage in geological storage of CO2.Degassing of CO2and radon isotopes (222Rn?220Rn) from soil, gas vents and thermal water dischargeswas investigated in the natural analog of Campo de Calatrava Volcanic Field (CCVF; Central Spain) todetermine the CO2?Rn relationships and to assess the role of CO2as carrier gas for radon. Furthermore,radon measurements to discriminate between shallow and deep gas sources were evaluated under theperspective of their applicability in monitoring programs of carbon storage projects.CO2flux as high as 5000 g m?2d?1and222Rn activities up to 430 kBq m?3were measured;220Rn activi-ties were one order of magnitude lower than those of222Rn. The222Rn/220Rn ratios were used to constrainthe source of the Campo de Calatrava soil gases since a positive correlation between radon isotopic ratiosand CO2fluxes was observed. Thus, in agreement with previous studies, our results indicate a deepmantle-related origin of CO2for both free and soil gases, suggesting that carbon dioxide is an efficientcarrier for Rn. Furthermore, it was ascertained that the increase of222Rn in the soil gases was likely pro-duced by two main processes: (i) direct transport by a carrier gas, i.e., CO2and (ii) generation at shallowlevel due to the presence of relatively high concentrations of dissolved U and Ra in the thermal aquiferof Campo de Calatrava.The diffuse CO2soil flux and radon isotopic surveys carried out in the Campo de Calatrava VolcanicFields can also be applicable to geochemical monitoring programs in CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage)areas as these parameters are useful to: (i) constrain CO2leakages once detected and (ii) monitor both theevolution of the leakages and the effectiveness of subsequent remediation activities. These measurementscan also conveniently be used to detect diffuse leakages.

Más información

ID de Registro: 32897
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/32897/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:32897
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.014
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750583614003156
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 01 Dic 2014 11:11
Ultima Modificación: 10 Nov 2017 15:07
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