Detección de grietas en placas con técnicas multifrecuencia

Serrano Sáez, Raúl (2014). Detección de grietas en placas con técnicas multifrecuencia. Proyecto Fin de Carrera / Trabajo Fin de Grado, E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM) [antigua denominación].

Descripción

Título: Detección de grietas en placas con técnicas multifrecuencia
Autor/es:
  • Serrano Sáez, Raúl
Director/es:
  • Rapún Banzo, María Luisa
Tipo de Documento: Proyecto Fin de Carrera/Grado
Fecha: 27 Octubre 2014
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Detección, grietas, defectos, software de código abierto Detection, cracks, defects, open source software
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Aeronáuticos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Fundamentos Matemáticos de la Tecnología Aeronáutica [hasta 2014]
Grupo Investigación UPM: Dinámica y Estabilidad no Lineal
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Safety is one of the most important feature in the aviation industry, and this involves too many factors. One of these is the aircraft maintenance. Over time, the procedures have been changing, and improving themselves. Non Destructive Testing (NDT) appeared in the late 19th century as a great option, because it enabled to inspect any structure without damaging it. Nowadays, there are several kinds of NDT, but ultrasound is one of the most widely used. This Master Thesis is devoted to an innovative ultrasound technique for crack detection. A technique, whose main aim lies in getting a good location of defects from a few measures, breaking with the currently widespread methods, as phased array. It is not necessary to use trains of waves, only discrete excitations, which means a great saving of time and energy. This work is divided into two steps: the first is to develop a multiphysics simulator, which is able to solve linear elasticity 3D problems (via Finite Element Method, FEM). This simulator allows to obtain in a computationally efficient way the displacement field for different frequencies and excitations. The solution of this elastic problem is needed to be used in the second step, which consists of generating a code that implements a mathematical tool named topological derivative, allowing to locate defects in the studied domain. In this work, the domain is a plate, and the defect is a hidden spherical void. The simulator has been developed using open source software (Elmer, Gmsh, ...), achieving a highly versatile simulator, which allows to change the configuration easily: domain size and shape, number and position of transducers, etc. Just one comercial software is used, Matlab. It is used to implement the topological derivative. In this work, the performance of the method is tested in several examples comparing the results when one or more frequencies are considered for different configurations of emisors/receptors.

Más información

ID de Registro: 33133
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/33133/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:33133
Depositado por: Raúl Serrano Sáez
Depositado el: 12 Ene 2015 09:57
Ultima Modificación: 12 Ene 2015 09:57
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